Same Place, Two Worlds? A Comparison of Travel Behaviour Between Households in Established and New Developments
HIGGITT M, Steer Davies Gleave and HEADICAR P, Oxford Brookes University, UK
This paper uses evidence from surveys of travel behaviour amongst residents of new and established housing developments to highlight the trend towards more car- dependent lifestyles. In development planning, the significance of this is not sufficiently ap
This paper uses evidence from surveys of travel behaviour amongst residents of new and established housing developments to highlight the trend towards more car- dependent lifestyles. In development planning, the significance of this is not sufficiently appreciated because estimates of traffic impact are typically based on the observed behaviour of existing residents. The nature and extent of the differences are reported here and their implications discussed.
These issues are important given the key role which the UK Government sees for land use planning in helping 'reduce the need to travel' (PPG13, DETR 1999a) and thereby contributing to its overall 'Integrated Transport Policy' (DETR, 1998). Housing is after all one of the most dynamic areas of land use change as well as one that is potentially most susceptible to control by planning authorities. There is now a policy presumption in favour of new accommodation being provided within existing urban areas on 'brownfield' (i.e. previously developed) sites (PPG3, DETR 1999b). However, the scale of projected household growth is such that nationally, 40% of the anticipated 3.8m increase to 2021 will have to be accommodated in 'greenfield' (previously undeveloped) locations. In fact, the situation is more serious than this since the availability of brownfield land is typically least in parts of the country where projected household growth is greatest (TCPA, 1996).
Association for European Transport