Variety of Freight Transport Costs - Micro and Macro Approaches in SOFTICE



Variety of Freight Transport Costs - Micro and Macro Approaches in SOFTICE

Authors

GACOGNE V and REYNAUD C, INRETS, France, GUGLIELMINE'I-I'I P and RIVIER R, EPFL-ITEP, Switzerland

Description

This paper is based on a study, called SOFTICE 1, carried out for the European Union RTD and dedicated to freight transport costs in Europe.

Abstract

This paper is based on a study, called SOFTICE 1, carried out for the European Union RTD and dedicated to freight transport costs in Europe.

Freight transport costs can be analysed according to different approaches using both micro and macro analyses. In this research project, the various approaches are based on the principle of segmentation of the freight demand. However instead of taking the usual classification by type of product (typically on the basis of the NST classification), intermediate and finished products of low and high value were distinguished as well as the shipment and shipper size (Figure 1.1). This segmentation is essential as the weight of the transport cost is different from one market segment to another. Based on this segmentation a methodology was developed for the appraisal of freight transport costs.

Furthermore, two specific studies are presented. First, the impact of changes of the demand structure on modal split is examined by a case-study on transalpine transport. Secondly an analysis on the freight shipped by the French companies to Italy shows as expected that the criterion of the company size is relevant. Finally, some results of a shipper survey are presented regarding the dimensions of the segmentation. This survey analyses the shippers' reactions when they are confronted to changes in transport supply.

Publisher

Association for European Transport