Dutch Rail Policy: Stimulating Quality
LENSINK E, Ministry of Transport (AVV), The Netherlands
Train services have in The Netherlands from time immemorial been provided by Dutch Railways (NS). In recent years competition has emerged to challenge this monopolist. CGEA/Loversrail ran for a number of years train services but has now disappeared. In a
Train services have in The Netherlands from time immemorial been provided by Dutch Railways (NS). In recent years competition has emerged to challenge this monopolist. CGEA/Loversrail ran for a number of years train services but has now disappeared. In a number of outlying areas of the country NS has together with bus operators set up new business ventures (Syntus, NoordNed). These are designed to anticipate new market structures announced by central government for public transport by rail.
In the 'Third Century Rail' (Ministry of Transport 1999) the Dutch Government presents its vision of the development and market structure 1 for public transport by rail from 2000 onwards. The purpose of the paper is to set out how a contribution can be made to the improvement of the 'modal split': an increase of the public transport share in total personal mobility. To realize this the government will address, among other issues, the following:
1. Restructuring of the administrative responsibilities for regional rail traffic between central government and decentralized governments; and
2. A different mix and content to government control and market elements (competition).
The details are as follows. To hasten the development of new concepts of regional/(sub)urban raft services.and to enable integration with city and regional (bus) services, the period between now and 2005 will be used to decentralize the contract sector and to make a start with decentralization of the (sub)urban networks. The decentralized governments may then opt for tendering of the train services.
The backbone of rail services in The Netherlands consists of national/interregional rail traffic. These services are provided by the IC network, with within Randstad moreovera rapid transit rail network. The national/interregional "part stands out as the profitable section of entire rail system. This segment will remain under state control, while the train services on the so-called main rail network will be awarded by private tender to the current operator, Dutch Railways. Bearing in mind realization of the societal objectives of rail services a performance contract will however have to be concluded with NS.
The performance contract is central to this contribution. Regional/(sub)urban rail services will in this paper be ignored. Table 1. provides a review of rail services' shares of the market segments.
Association for European Transport