Transport and Social Exclusion
SOLOMON J, TRAC, University of Noah London, UK
In 1998 the Social Exclusion Unit published "Bringing Britain Together", a report outlining plans for the development of a national strategy for neighbourhood renewal. The report noted in particular that many poor neighbourhoods have become more isolated
In 1998 the Social Exclusion Unit published "Bringing Britain Together", a report outlining plans for the development of a national strategy for neighbourhood renewal. The report noted in particular that many poor neighbourhoods have become more isolated over the last two decades and that this trend had often been exacerbated by inadequate transport links.
In September 1998 The "New Deal for Communities" initiative was launched.
This initiative was designed to target money on the most deprived neighbourhoods to:
* improve job prospects
* bring together investment in buildings and investment n people; and,
* improve neighbourhood management and the delivery of local services.
Seventeen local authorities, whose had areas with very low scores on the Index of Local Deprivation, were chosen to submit bids to establish Pathfinder areas to try to pioneer new ways of working to cut across traditional barriers.
It was against this background that the DETR, who have a forward programme to identify and analyse social exclusion issues, developed the project on which the research for this paper is based..
In order to try to develop a more generally applicable model of the relationship between transport and social exclusion, the project extended beyond the New Deal areas to cover rural areas, some of which were part of the hinterland of New Deal towns and cities and fell within their travel to work area.
The task was
* To investigate the causal connections between social exclusion and transport and identify those groups particularly affected
* To assess the ways in which public (and community) transport can reduce social exclusion
* To propose a range of measures to encourage ridership among excluded groups.
D'ELIAS A and FLOREZ J, Universidad Sim6n Bolivar, Venezuela
Association for European Transport