Developing an Operational Plan for Brisbane's Busway System
LUKE S, Connell Wagner, Australia
In basic terms a busway is simply a roadway designed for the exclusive use of buses. In the UK this type of technology may be associated with the Runcorn busway or guided busways such as those in Leeds and Ipswich. The busways presented in this paper whil
In basic terms a busway is simply a roadway designed for the exclusive use of buses. In the UK this type of technology may be associated with the Runcorn busway or guided busways such as those in Leeds and Ipswich. The busways presented in this paper whilst technically similar to those above have some important functional differences, most significantly:
* high volumes of bus use (typically 200 buses per hour per direction at peak load)
* high volumes of passengers (typically in excess of 10,000 passengers per hour per direction at peak load)
* state of the art Intelligent Transport Systems (passive and active bus priority, bus monitoring and control and real time passenger information systems)
* very high quality station designs which are fully accessible for the mobility and visually impaired, and provide a safe and secure environment
* extensive networks (busway routes exceeding 10km in length)
* a high degree of segregation from other uses
* full integration with main transport attractors (hospitals, shopping cantres, sports stadia etc)
In North America and Australia these systems are called Busway Rapid Transit meaning that on the busway vehicles operate analogous to a rapid transit or railway. Vehicles operate under close control, at high speed, with efficient stopping procedures.
In part A the paper firstly provides an overview of the geographical and historical perspective affecting transport planning in Brisbane. A brief description of the busway network in Brisbane is then presented. The framework for the study is outlined followed by a summary outline of how a preferred operating strategy was determined. Part B of the paper discusses operational strategies and demand forecasting in detail. Part C of the paper details the key capacity issues affecting busway operations and the development of a micro simulation model to simulate, at the individual vehicle level, the operation of the system. Finally some key conclusions are presented.
Association for European Transport