Deregulation of Passenger Traffic in Western Europe



Deregulation of Passenger Traffic in Western Europe

Authors

HYLEN B, Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Sweden

Description

In 1997 the author presented a paper called Contracted Rail Services in Western Europe 1. At that time the United Kingdom (UK) was the only country in Europe where deregulation, competitive tendering, new entrants etc. really mattered. Changes in other co

Abstract

In 1997 the author presented a paper called Contracted Rail Services in Western Europe 1. At that time the United Kingdom (UK) was the only country in Europe where deregulation, competitive tendering, new entrants etc. really mattered. Changes in other countries had just begun. After three years there are, however, several interesting developments. The "buying" organisations have become more experienced, the incumbent state-owned railways face real competition and new operators seem here to stay. This paper will therefore deal with the developments primarily in Germany, Sweden and the Netherlands with a few examples from each country. France and Denmark will be briefly mentioned but the United Kingdom will be completely omitted as the developments have been dealt with in detail in various other publications. The general national frameworks are described in the previous paper 1.The author has chosen to concentrate on describing a few new entrants in each country.

Publisher

Association for European Transport