Impacts of Various Transport Pricing Schemes in the Brussels-Capital Region on Mobility and Land-use Patterns



Impacts of Various Transport Pricing Schemes in the Brussels-Capital Region on Mobility and Land-use Patterns

Authors

DUCHATEAU H and LOBE P, STRATEC s.a., Belgium

Description

It is now generally accepted that transport policies alone will not achieve a sustainable level of fuel consumption and emissions. A consensus is also emerging that it is necessary to co-ordinate land use changes with transport measures in order to achiev

Abstract

It is now generally accepted that transport policies alone will not achieve a sustainable level of fuel consumption and emissions. A consensus is also emerging that it is necessary to co-ordinate land use changes with transport measures in order to achieve an environmentally and economically sustainable transport system.

It is intended that transport and land-use have to be considered as an integrated and mutually dependant system. Unfortunately, in many urban areas this system is not presently operating in a positive fashion. On the contrary, the system resembles a spiral of urban decline, a vicious circle. Figure 1, below, provides a description of the potentially vicious interactions of this system at an urban level.

This process illustrates the

* short term effects of land-use on transport

* short term effects of the system land-use transport system on the environment

* medium term effects of the environment on housing location

* medium term effects of transport on employment location

* long term effects of transport on housing location.

As can be seen from Figure 1, this process has no beginning and no end. It resembles a closed loop in which each element is in perpetual interaction with the other elements. Any direct action involving an element of the system has repercussions on all the other elements which, in turn, cause another wave of impacts on the system as a whole. An additional dimension is added by the fact that these impacts can occur in the short, medium or long term.

Publisher

Association for European Transport