Improvement of Traffic Flows on TEN Corridors II and IX by Information Technology
M Chevreuil, ISIS, FR; K Ylisiurunen, VIATEK, FI
The objective of the TACIS project (TNREG 9703) was to promote the facilitation of trade and the movement of people between the EU/CEEC and the NIS by development of the infrastructure, equipment and services on the Pan European Transport Network Corridors II & IX. Countries involved in this project conducted over three years (Feb 1999 - Jan 2001) are: Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine. This project encompassed many activities such as:
* formulate and help the recipient to implement an immediate action plan containing activities that are most urgently needed particularly those requiring technical assistance,
* technical assistance and training in key areas like project evaluation and preparation,
* seminars and workshops;
* topic studies in areas like demand forecasting, management and organisational matters, privatisation and safety, information technology
* preparation of a programme of development for each corridor to year 2015 including pre-feasibility studies of about 42 project sub-components,
* preparation of the most feasible and best projects for presentation to the international financing institutions - the present budget allowing for up to 8 projects The paper focus with the recommendations that can be made in the IT sector concerning the improvement of traffic flow on TEN corridors II and IX.
The improvement of the traffic flows must cope with two contradictory objectives: on one hand, the
Objective of speeding up the transports means (road and rail) in every situation and on the other hand, the objective of safety and security of persons and goods that necessitates the implementation of controlmechanisms. IT has the capacity to reconcile these two objectives by allowing a better management of the existing bottlenecks (e.g. border crossings, congested road, incident management, ...) while making more reliable and less time-consuming the control activities. IT in transport sector, or ITS that stands for Intelligent Transport Systems, offers the possibility to develop marketable services to users. It offers then the possibility to attract investment from private actors: ITS is considered as a fecund ground for the development of public private partnership (PPP). In particular, in order to raise, ITS services need an efficient telecommunication infrastructure backbone: transport users are by definition mobiles that require access to services anywhere, anytime...Costs for implementing such an infrastructure are generally considered too high by transport operators. There is therefore an opportunity to attract telecommunications operators and share the investment costs:
* transport infrastructures (rail, road) offer an easy way to deploy long telecommunication arteries, at less cost than elsewhere. They include also technical sites that can be used for mobile telecommunication base stations
* Transport operators have high level needs in telecommunicationsIt is then important that the concerned actors study together the most cost effective solution to build the telecommunication backbone on which ITS services will be plugged in. There is no unique solution and according to national situations and to the ITS services that have to be implemented in priority, differentschemes can be developed. Our first recommendation from this topic study on ITS is subsequently that the concerned actors co-operate to build an ITS development plan that meets their needs. This plan should certainly be built at the national level, but having in mind that interoperability is a crucial point for improving transport flows, concertation is also necessary with neighbouring countries. In addition, this development cannot be made without looking at Western Europe and taking into consideration standards solutions that have been already developed in order to facilitate future integration. A suitable mechanism should be put in place to facilitate cohesion without hindering local initiatives. During the study, scenarios have been developed concerning technologies that could be used. It should be underlined that these scenarios are not engraved in the stone: technology evolves very fast and constant updating is necessary. In addition, technology implementation cannot be done without tackling organisational problems and existing procedures and regulations. ITS deployment plans should also address these issues.
Association for European Transport