Development of an Intelligent Transport System Ontology - Linking Applications and Technologies Across Different Transport Modes



Development of an Intelligent Transport System Ontology - Linking Applications and Technologies Across Different Transport Modes

Authors

Susanne Kellberger, Fraunhofer Center for Maritime Logistics and Services CML, Lorenzo Castelli, Dipartimento di Ingegneria e Architettura - Università degli Studi di Trieste, Miquel Angel Piera, Unitat de Logística i Aeronàutic

Description

This paper aims at enhancing the understanding of the relationships among
various ITS areas, applications and technologies by developing an ITS ontology
which links ITS applications and technologies and is generic enough to be
valid across different transport modes.

Abstract

1. Background

Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) use information and communications
technologies to improve safety, reliability, efficiency and quality of
transport. The technologies are therefore added to infrastructures and are
integrated into the corresponding transport vehicles. [1]

The origin of ITS can be found in the road transport mode. Based on that it
has been further developed to be used by all transport modes, what involved a
high number of stakeholders and the heterogeneity of their needs. This led to
a wide variety of ITS concepts, such as ITS areas, applications and
technologies. In this context, a still underexplored field of research is the
development of ITS ontologies that are not restricted to a unique transport
mode or a unique ITS concept. In our terminology, an ontology explicitly
describes the relationships among the different items of a list of concepts.
In such a way, an ontology enriches, with respect to a simple
classification, the information available on these items [2].

This paper aims at enhancing the understanding of the relationships among
various ITS areas, applications and technologies by developing an ITS ontology
Association for
European Transport ABSTRACT
Copyright, 2013. Association for European Transport. All rights reserved. Page 2
which links ITS applications and technologies and is generic enough to be
valid across different transport modes.

2. Approach

The constant change in ITS applications with the evolution of information and
communications technologies (ICT), calls for better organization of the
different technologies involved at different stages (research, development,
deployment, commercialization). The definition of an ITS ontology that
considers ITS applications as well as their respective technologies is well
motivated because quite often, on one side, from an application point of view
the technological combinations are most likely to be neglected. Similarly, on
the other side, from a technological point of view the multifaceted possible
fields of applications are not considered sufficiently. Also based on a
thorough literature analysis, this paper defines such a new ITS ontology under
a very general trans-modality perspective as it analyzes four exemplarily case
studies provided by the FP7 project T-TRANS [3] that respectively address air,
road, rail and maritime transport modes:

- Smart grid: connection, charging and storage of energy. Efficient use of
intelligent control systems for battery and network management. Smart
integration of electric vehicles into the distribution level networks by means
of ICT.

- Revenue management technologies for freight transport. Gradual application
of revenue management in air cargo market in terms of product-oriented and
price-oriented demands.

- Revolution in intermodal transport units: Intelligent inter-modality. Key
technologies for Intelligent Transport Units (ITUs) to increase efficiency,
sustainability and transparency of logistics chains with real time
information. Advanced information services for freight transportation in
Europe with intelligent cargo units that are able to interact with the
surrounding environment and autonomously make context-aware decisions.

- Rail network technological system-wide approach. Deployment of new
technologies to efficiently gain capability in the European rail network, thus
providing opportunity to fulfill the increasing freight traffic demands.

The two possible points of view (technology vs. application) are then assigned
to each other in a matrix.

3. Results

This paper presents the current state of research in ITS ontologies relying on
recent results from the EU-funded research project T-TRANS. In particular, it
first compares current approaches of structuring ITS. In a second step, the
Association for
European Transport ABSTRACT
Copyright, 2013. Association for European Transport. All rights reserved. Page 3
shortcomings of these approaches are identified and their relationships are
enriched by linking ITS applications and technologies. The combination with
the findings across the case studies will then lead to a general ITS ontology
that is independent from transport modes.

4. References

[1] European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) (2012)
http://www.etsi.org/ITS

[2] Reinout van Rees (2003) Clarity in the Usage of the Terms Ontology,
Taxonomy and Classification. In Proceedings of the 20th CIB W78 Conference on
Information Technology in Construction (pp. 432-439). Waiheke Island,
Auckland, New Zealand. p.434; Retrieved from

http://reinout.vanrees.org/_downloads/2003_cib.pdf

[3] Enhancing the transfer of Intelligent Transportation System innovations to
the market (T-TRANS) (2012) http://www.ttransnetwork.eu/ttrans/

Keywords: Intelligent Transport Systems, ITS areas, ITS applications, ITS
technologies, T-TRANS

Publisher

Association for European Transport