Impact of Maximum Parking Standards Including Inward Investment Implications
P Finch, FaberMaunsell, UK
Scottish Guidance on Transport and Planning emphasises the importance of maximising access to new developments by means other than the private car. Parking control, as part of an integrated package of sustainable measures, is a recognised tool for reducing car trips. A research study has been carried out investigating the impact of maximum parking standards, including the effects on inward investment opportunities. The study builds on a series of research projects previously undertaken for the Scottish Executive.
The research identified a number of case studies in Great Britain, inviting developers and local authorities to discuss their experience and attitude regarding parking levels and accessibility. The case studies covered a variety of land uses and locations. Findings from the study show that generally, developers are willing to co-operate with local authorities to minimise the need for car parking spaces whilst maximising accessibility by walking, cycling and public transport. Site location is the key factor in businesses decision-making process with transport becoming more important at the secondary stage when two or three final sites remain. The majority of case studies identified that accessibility to the site, by whatever mode, was the most important issue. Parking provision was found to be of importance but could be sacrificed if good quality access by other modes was available.
The study findings suggest that maximum parking standards can provide a realistic mechanism to manage demand by private car whilst stimulating sustainable transport alternatives.
Association for European Transport