Can DRT Systems Reduce the Car Use in Metropolitan Areas? the Case of Granada
J Ona, University of Granada;
All over the world a process of population dispersion is taking place. The factors that have motivated the development of metropolitan areas are very diverse (social, economic, personal, etc.) and they are closely linked with the own deficiencies that the city presents.
In these areas, the municipalities of the periphery continue maintaining a great functional dependence from the city centre. This is causing that the distances origin-destination increase, what has forced to carry out the displacements in motorised vehicles. In these low population density areas it has been seen that the regular services of transport meets with an important problem due to the difficulty of offering these services to a reasonable cost of exploitation, giving an enough covering.
All this is causing the increasing car use in detriment of public transportation, with the rising congestion problems, atmospheric contamination, noise, etc. The demand responsive transport systems are revealed as a possible solution for these problems. Thesesystems have been used in Europe for several years to provide a public transportation in rural areas and to certain social groups. However, there are very few experiences in metropolitan areas. In the Metropolitan Area of Granada, shortly, a DRT system will enter into operation. Recently, an investigation has been carried out to evaluate the operation of this system. This study puts forward that the installation of this system will cause a positive modal change toward the public modes of transport. This presentation provides the results obtained during the investigation and puts forward that the installation of this type of systems can cause a reduction in the car use in metropolitan areas.
Association for European Transport