Seamless Mobility: a Contribution to Sustainable Mobility
R Bruijns and F Hartkamp, Program Office Move, NL
This contribution relies on the different sub-themes:
* planning sustainable patterns of development and reducing car dependency (developing integrated land-use and transport strategies to reduce car-dependency in urban an rural areas).
* Managing demand and creating alternatives in cities
* Walking and cyclingSeamless mobilityIn mobility management, a variety of modes and services are available for public transport. Convenience is becoming more and more important, many people would rather take their car than a train or bus. That is because public transport departs from a place people don?t live, to a destination people don?t want to go to.
People want custommade solutions: door-to-door transport. Although public transport can provide this,it can only be possible if there are seamless connections between the tram, train, car, bike and other, new modes of transport. This might encourage drivers who are now stuck in traffic jams to opt for public transport instead. In this way they would also contribute to improved accessibility, safety and thequality of life. Programme Office MoveSince three years MOVE has been set up for the Dutch Ministery of transport to promote seamless mobility in the Netherlands. Industry has responded to this challenge: last year, MOVE awarded 8 million guilders of subsidies to the 38 promising projects. In 2001 even 76 projects were received. MOVE brings together demand and supply site, encouring partnerships, and makes funding possible.
Examples of projects stimulated by MoveSome examples of innovation stimulated by Move are:Mobility shopTraffic in the newly developed Meerhoven district of Eindhoven is likely to become very congested. The municipal authorities are expecting major problems with accessibility and the quality of life once all residents and businesses have moved into the area. The solution is the Mobility Shop. It will be set up inthe Meerhoven district to offer and arrange a number of mobility services and products to local residents. This will enable them to move more conveniently, more quickly and, preferably, more environmentally friendly in and around their district. The range of services on offer should provide a realistic alternative to car use. The mobility manager in the shop will assess and combine the demand. Mobility Information PointAnother example is the Mobility Information Point (MIP) for Enschede and the surrounding area. The necessary improvement in seamless mobility is impeded by a lack of uniform information about the transport options. Coordination is often insufficient which confuses both passengers and transport providers. The MIP will provide travel and transport services and products, including information, focussed on passenger transport. Mobility MixxAn increasing number of business travellers want more choice and flexibility when travelling. Some of the options available include combining their own or leased company car with the train and/or taxi, or toopt for a mobility budget instead of a company car. This need is based on increasing road congestion, parking problems in the cities, high fuel prices, and government measures to discourage car use. The project ?Mobility Mixx? contents the development of a business mobility service provider, wich can be an attractive partner for employers who want to deal with these issues. Such a service provider would offer a range of transport options to business travellers, and would also relieve the employer of the administrative burden and implementation issues.
Cycling projectsThere is a lot of interest in cycling as part of the seamless mobility chain. For example the project ?the public transport bicycle system? contains the development of a quick and convenient bicycle rental system. Users have chip cards for electronic identification. The bicycles are issued automatically withoutthe need for an assistant. The deposit and payment are arranged in advance, users are billed on the basis of the number of transactions.
Another project is the ?bicycle mill?. The ?bicycle mill? a special, secure bicycle parking facility for use in town, so you can rent a bike at the station and take it into town without worrying about it getting stolen. Other Seamless mobility projectsExcept for the projects above, Move also stimulates projects such as Car sharing, New modes of transport, Cycling projects, Public transport and demand-based transport, People movers, New mobility services, Recreational projects, Travel information, ICT services, and Taxi services.
The ETC 2002 contribution is an overview of the current state-of-the-art on innovation of seamless mobility services in the Netherlands. It gives an impression of the existing benefits. By presenting the results of various projects Move wants to show how these projects can provide customer services in seamless mobility, and thereby decreasing plain carmobility. In this way, MOVE wants to stimulate solutions towards better accessibility and higher living conditions while at the same time the traveler will get higher comfort, speed and convenience.
Association for European Transport