Users Reaction to Toll User Charges: Elasticities and Attitudes Combined
J Odeck, A Kjerkreit, Public Roads Administration; S Brathen, Molde University College, NO
This paper presents the results of a study conducted to explore elasticities and users attitudes with respect to tolls. The Data set comprises of a number of projects spread over the country. We find a great variation in elasticities with respect to tolls in the interval -0.3 to -0.8. Elasticities are smaller in cities where there is cordon tolls as compared to the rest of the sample. These results conform to previous international findings. On users attitudes, this study has identified a remarkable change in attitudes after tolls have been implemented. People tend to be more positive once tolls are implemented as compared the before situation. The connection between elasticities and user attitudes is also considered to be able to pinpoint the properties of the transport system and the travel patterns that may cause certain undesirable combinations of elasticities and attitudes. Finally, this paper offers some concluding remarks that are policy relevant.
Association for European Transport