The Conception of the Development of the Hungarian Motorway Network As Part of the Proposed Pan-European Motorway System
I Keleti, ORKA Engineering Consulting Ltd, HU
Hungary has a transit position in middle Europe. The major streams of surface transport of the region have crossed the country during its history.
The modal split of industrialised countries has changed since the sixties of 20th century for the benefit of road transport and therefore motorway networks have become essential infra-structure of economies. Hungary has put into operation up to end of last year some 625 km of motorway and expressway sections since 1965. The density of this network is a quarter of the average of European Union one. The lack of motorways in certain parts of the country is one of the obstacles of faster economical development.
The restructuring of Europe is on since the end of the Cold War. The ministers of transport of all European countries met at 3rd Pan-European Transport Conference in Helsinki in May 1997 and confirmed the importance of Pan-European Corridors as the infrastructure of homogeneous multimode Pan European Transport System. Three of the accepted ten corridors (4, 5, 10/a) are crossing Hungary and these lines emphasise the importance of Hungary in the transport network of the East-Middle Europe Region. Transport Infrastructure Needs Assessment (TINA) routes, as auxiliary regional system of Pan European Transport System, going to provide better regional connections between the countries of the Region.
During the last 12 years (since the end of cold war) the Hungarian economy integrated to the globalised market economy and the country together with some neighbouring countries ? which also performed the same economical and political improvement ? will be the member of the European Union in mid next year. The tendency of the development of the modal split in this countries shows the same features as can be seen in the EU, however the performance and serviceability level of surface transport networks (public trunk roads as well as main railway lines) are far beyond of the traffic requirements. The background: the performance level of these economies in terms of GDP is about half of the EU average.
One of the tools to accelerate the rate of development of Hungary and to take into reality the close up within a reasonable period to the average economical performance level of the EU is to improve the transport infrastructure. Therefore one of the main objectives of transport policy of Hungary (as well as the above mentioned countries) to set up the motorway networks and upgrading the railway networks at least the average EU during the next 12-13 years. These goals of these policies are different from the Common Transport Policy of EU [COM (2001)370, Brussels, 12/09/2001.] The paper is going to demonstrate by means of the development conception of motorway network the differences and the coincidences of Transport Policies of EU and Hungary and the reasons of these symptoms.
Association for European Transport