Urban Integration of Tramway and Busway
H Metge, S Laurent, SYSTRA, FR
h4. 1. TRAMWAY INTEGRATION IN A URBAN ENVIRONMENT
Historically, the French word ?insertion?, which refers to the tramway alignment study, was long restricted to the proper track alignment without any concern about the global project environment.
Today, the term of tramway urban integration fits the image of modern tramways better, which aim being attractive, comfortable, fast, accessible, and integrated within their urban context.
In order to reflect the concern about a better space allocation and sharing with tramways, alignment analyses were extended to various approaches: Urban and landscape design around the tramway project area:
* Traffic management, including cycles and pedestrians, car park strategy,
* Site harmonisation along the tram route,
* Interaction with other transportation systems, Urban integration studies take into account all these factors which also depend upon technical, financial and political aspects. Finally the tramway line implementation results from a consensual process involving all the direct or indirect partners concerned by the project.
The consultant must take into consideration the various approaches aforementioned. This requires an in-depth knowledge of the project and its urban environment, thus first analyses through:
* Site visits, site inventory and data collection (to comprehend the site and the planned tramway-system specificities),
* The comprehension of the objectives and constraints linked to traffic management and car park policy, arising from local authorities,
* The conditions to optimise stations location, pedestrian access and interfaces management, In a second stage, detailed work on the tramway integration within its urban context is undertaken in collaboration with the architects and urban designers in charge of the planning of the local areas.
h4 2. CONTENT OF THE PRESENTATION The presentation will explain the methodology generally followed for work, and introduce numerous examples from studies of existing or new tramway line projects.
The presentation will focus on the following aspects : DATA COLLECTION : The data are to be collected from several sources :
* Site data:
* Geographical environment, topography, open space inventory, maps,
* Data on the rolling stock :
* Width, stations dimensions, radius curve, maximum slope, other parameters.
* Data from local authorities or companies involved in the project :
* Modal integration policy, local resident and disabled people access, areas for commercial delivery,
* Data related to traffic management and car park policy :
* Transport master plan modifications, car park policy, traffic management plan, existing crossing capacity, other particular data
* Route and stations location:
* The identification of various alignment alternative responding to the system constraints leads to an in-depth analysis according to several criteria.
TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT AND CAR PARK POLICY : This part aims designing the traffic lanes and road crossings interfering with the right of way along the tramway alignment, including cycle and pedestrian facilities layouts.
Management of interactions with other transport modes The functional design of modal interfaces (park and ride, bus interchange) will focus on classic examples.
h5. URBAN INTEGRATION
Urban integration is a key point as it shapes the visual aspect of the tyamway, thus playing a key role in its attractiveness and success. The study surrounds and envelops the tramway line and could modify some aspects of the project. The urban integration generally focuses on landscape design, square arrangement, station design.
The tools (software) used for each part of the study will be presented (drawing, road crossing capacity, Geographical Information System, others).
Association for European Transport