Incentive System for Road Safety in Road Haulage
E Devillers, G Smit, ECORYS-NEI; R Jorna, Diepens en Okkema; G-J Prummel, Ministry of Transport, NL
This abstract presents a brief outline of the project Incentive System for Road Safety in Road Haulage by addressing the key issue of the project, the background of the project and the scope, the planning and the results of the project. The full paper will provide results from previous research in the field of the incentive system in the Netherlands (2001-now), results of a parallel study called Safety Culture (ongoing) where relevant and the results of the pilot studies (current project, ongoing).
h4. Key issue of the project
The road haulage sector is relatively often involved in road accidents. Instead of (more traditional) measures aimed at improving the infrastructure, the vehicle or the capacity of the driver, this projects aims to introduce a safety culture in road haulage companies by providing certain incentives to road haulage companies. These incentives are to be created by the manager of the road infrastructure (road managers), e.g. access to dedicated infrastructure, and are aimed at improving the accessibility of the road haulage sector. A trade-off is sought between incentives to the road haulage sector (accessibility) and improved road safety through road haulers that have incorporated safety culture in their organizations.
The Dutch Ministry of Transport, Directorate for Freight Transport has initiated research in the field of incentive systems two years ago and is now in the process of starting pilot studies. The first phase of research was aimed at making an inventory of potential incentives that a road manager can offer to the road haulage sector. This phase was completed in 2001. Currently, the philosophy of the incentive system is piloted in five regions in the Netherlands. By the end of the year pilot results will become available and may result in steps towards a nationwide incentive system. A parallel process of research aimed at establishing insight in safety culture was started and is still ongoing.
h4. Background of the project
Road haulage is responsible for substantial amount of traffic casualties in the Netherlands; in 28 percent of the traffic deaths and 19 percent of the traffic injuries (being heavy ?hospital? injuries), a truck or delivery van is involved. Especially the injuries involving delivery vans are expected to grow the coming years. Almost 50 percent of all haulage related casualties occur on municipal roads. The project Incentive System for Road Safety in Road Haulage focuses on these haulage related casualties on municipal roads.
The aim of Incentive System is to reduce the amount of traffic casualties by focusing on the human factor and road haulage companies involved. The Incentive System tries to stimulate an awareness of traffic safety in the entire flow of goods, thus leading to measures in the entire traffic system, i.e. introduce safety culture in the companies.
The Incentive System aims at realizing an interaction between the regional road manager and the transportation sector (shippers and transporters). The interaction consists of a trade between the road manager who offers positive incentives and the transporters who provides a good quality transport product. For example a road manager can allow the transporters to use dedicated infrastructure, such as bus-lanes. In return the transporter has to incorporate safety culture in its organisation.
The essence of the Incentive System is to create advantages for all parties involved;
* road managers: safer road network
* transporters: better accessibility, leading to a better competitive position
* shippers: more reliable logistic processes (more reliable deliveries) In order to start the mechanism and to keep it moving, a dialogue between the parties involved was started and is ongoing. The first steps, including an inventory of incentives and a seminar on the incentive system in road haulage, have been taken and the response has been mostly positive. Some possible bottlenecks, such as enforcement, legal aspects and acceptation in the transport sector were already brought up at an early stage. The pilot studies in the Dutch regions will provide insight in what kind of incentives are suitable and what kind of bottlenecks have to be overcome.
h4. Scope, planning and results of the project
Momentarily preparations for regional pilot studies are taken. In some Dutch regions road managers, shippers and transporters are brought together. The aim is to identify regional problems and possible incentives to stimulate and valuate safe behaviour.
Previous studies give examples of incentives that can be taken by both the road managers and the transporters, but each region will select itsown incentives. During the pilot study all kinds of indicators are monitored from which lessons can be learned. The insight in opportunities and bottlenecks derived from the pilots is important for the introduction of a nationwide Incentive System.
The pilot preparation phase started in January 2003 and will be completed by April 2003.
In the period May-November the pilots will be executed. First results will therefore be available at the time the full written paper is due.
The project will provide the results of the five pilot regions aimed at establishing an Incentive System, including the kind of incentive that was selected in order to improve accessibility, the way safety culture was incorporated in the road haulage companies, the kind of bottlenecks that had to be overcome and the way all parties have contributed.
By synthesising the results of the five pilot regions (which are selected to provide a geographical balance) steps towards creating a nationwide system can be taken.
Association for European Transport