Impact of Climate Change on Transport Infrastructure and Travel Behaviour - A Regional Analysis in England



Impact of Climate Change on Transport Infrastructure and Travel Behaviour - A Regional Analysis in England

Authors

Syed Waliullah, Halcrow Group Limited - A CH2M HILL Company, UK, Angshu J. Fouzder, Independent Consultant, Governance And Planning,

Description

This research will be divided into two areas for the ease of analysis i.e. impact of climate change on transport infrastructure and impact of climate change on mode choice.

Abstract

Climate change during the 21st century is now unequivocal and has become predominantly an issue which cannot be ignored anymore (IPCC, 2007a). Every single aspect of human society, as we know today is going to have an impact of climate change. Potentially all natural and human systems are going to be affected by the changes brought about by a new climate regime which has been declared as one of the ‘’greatest challenges of our time’’ (IPCC, 2007b and UNFCC, 2009) and transportation is not an excluded from the list.

Demand for transport services is growing day by day with much effort from transport planners, policy makers and government bodies. This growth is caused by economic development, trade expansion, population growth and many more. All these result contribution to transport sector to global greenhouse gas emission (GHG) which was much discussed in 1990s and 2000s (UNESC, 2010 and Chapman 2010)but not enough researches have been made to identify the impact of climate change events on transport infrastructure (Chinowsky et.al. 2012) and mode choice (Koetse et.al. 2011) in England.
This research will be divided into two areas for the ease of analysis i.e. impact of climate change on transport infrastructure and impact of climate change on mode choice.
Climate change has multifarious effects on infrastructure where vulnerability is determined by several factors inter alia response method, capacity, adaptation policy, preparedness. Typologies and aspects of change in climate have relevant consequences on the infrastructural aspect of transport where appropriate planning is deemed necessary to cope up with modal choice and transport behaviour of the residents of catchment regions. Nexus of climate change, transport infrastructure as well as other socio-economic factors e.g. economic situation, social change ad demographics remains crucial where interrelationship demands analysis. In this part, multiple complex interdependencies within climate change factors, peoples' modal choice and infrastructural planning will be analyzed using relevant models.
Secondly, in order to analyse the impact of climate change on mode choice this research will use National Travel Survey (NTS) and UK Met office climate change data. Both of these datasets will be used in regional context which will be useful to portray a regional scenario using econometric model for impact of climate change on mode choice in England.
This research will also draw up an action plan to list a three tier recommendations to help plan for a better future.
Word Count: 375
Reference
1. Chapman, L., Jaroszweski, D., Petts, J. (2010) Assessing the potential impact of climate change on transportation: the need for an interdisciplinary approach. Journal of Transport Geography 18, p.331-335.

2. Chinowsky, S. P., Schweikert, E. A., Strzepek, L,N., and Strzepek, K (2012) Road Infrastructure and Climate Change in Vietnam. Working Paper No. 2012/80. United Nations University.(Available at http://www.wider.unu.edu/stc/repec/pdfs/wp2012/wp2012-080.pdf)

3. IPCC (2007a) Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Work Group I to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change In: Solomon, S., Qin, D., Manning, M., Chen, Z., Marquis, M., Averyt, K.B., Tignor, M., Miller, H.L. (Eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, USA, p.996.

4. IPCC (2007b) Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Forth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, In: Parry, M.L., Canziani, O.F., Palutikof, J.P., van der Linden, P.J., Hanson, C.E. (Eds.), Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, p.976.

5. Koetse, J. K., Rietveld, P., Sabir, M. (2010) The Impact of Weather Conditions on Mode Choice: Empirical Evidence for the Netherlands, Department of Spatial Economics, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. (Available at http://www.webmeets.com/files/papers/EAERE/2009/1021/Sabir.pdf)

6. UNESC (2010) Climate Change Impacts on International Transport Networks, Workshop Note, Geneva, 2010. (Available at http://www.unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/trans/doc/2010/wp5/ECE-TRANS-WP5-2010-03e.pdf)


7. UNFCC (2009) Copenhagen Accord (Draft Decision) CP/15, presented at Copenhagen 7-18 December 2009. (Available at http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2009/cop15/eng/l07.pdf)

Publisher

Association for European Transport