Through-traffic Charging - Acceptance and Effects: Experience From the Norwegian City of Trondheim
S Meland, E Skjetne, T Tretvik, SINTEF, NO
Since 1991, the population of Trondheim has been exposed to Road User Charging (RUC) in terms of toll cordons dividing the municipality into zones. The main purpose of this scheme has been to raise revenue to finance road infrastructure. According to the plans, this scheme will be terminated in 2005.
As a part of the PRoGR?SS project under the EU 5th framework programme, Trondheim has focussed on possible future RUC alternatives to the current scheme. One of the alternatives studied has been the introduction of a through traffic charging for the city centre, in order to reduce traffic levels in the central areas of the city.
The study is based on a public opinion poll, a Stated Preference survey and results from the Trondheim transport model.
The presentation will include public attitudes and acceptance, individual behavioural effects e.g. in terms of mode and route choice, and overall expected changes in travel patterns in the central parts of the municipality.
Findings from the public opinion poll include:
* The overall acceptance of a city centre through-traffic charging scheme is significantly higher than the acceptance of the current RUC scheme
* The concept of a combined through traffic and parking fee is even more popular than the ?pure? through traffic charging scheme
* Information about what the revenues from the through traffic charging will be used for, increases acceptance significantly.
Choice modelling based on the Stated Preference data indicates significant effects of the time and cost variables, as well as indicators based on trip purpose, income and age group. Results from the transport model confirms the findings from the choice modelling: Through traffic charging can be an effective means to reduce the overall traffic levels in the central areas of the city.
Association for European Transport