Ict, Land Use and Mobility in the Netherlands
J Perdok, MuConsult B V; P Jorritsma, P Warffemius, Ministry of Transport; J Hakfoort, Ministry of Economic Affairs, NL
A lot of theories, hypotheses and expectations exist with respect to the influence of ICT on land use, spatial distribution of activities and mobility. In most cases however empirical validation is lacking. In an effort to get more insight into the question which trends in ICT exist, how and to which extent ICT is used and the effects on the spatial distribution of activities of consumers and firms a joint project was started by the Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Ministry of Spatial Planning, Housing and the Environment.
A number of hypotheses from the literature was tested using available micro-data for the Netherlands.
Although there were quite a number of ?white spots? in the available data a substantial number of hypotheses could be tested with these data and the available literature. The study focused on three ICT areas: e-work, B2C e-commerce and B2B e-commerce.
Questions, like ?does e-work lead to other location choices??, ?does e-work improve the accessibility of regions and cities??, ?does e-shopping increase the transport of goods with small sized vehicles??, ?is e-shopping a factor in the location choice of firms??, ?does B2B change logistic chains??, etc.
In the paper these questions (and a lot more) are addressed. In addition results of explanatory analyses (regression analyses) are presented which provide more insight in the characteristics (household, spatial, personal) of e-workers.
The study brought to light some interesting results and conclusions. Almost 12% of the Dutch working population is e-worker. Approximately 5 to 10% of these e-workers commute between home and office during off-peak hours.
It was concluded for e-commerce (both B2C and B2B) that e-commerce will lead to an increase in freight transport.
The question is addressed whether and which policy is required with respect to ICT, land use and mobility.
Association for European Transport