Attitudes Towards Road Safety and Traffic Behaviour Among Adolescence in Urban and Rural Areas in Norway
S Eiksund, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO
This paper focuses on differences in attitudes and behaviour in road traffic among adolescents. Among the 300 killed and 12000 injured on Norwegians roads each year, youths are the most vulnerable group. The rates among youth have remained high despite attempts to reduce them by attitude campaigns and education. The accident rates among youth vary geographically and the existence of a geography in risk-taking behaviour can be argued. This can be observed both as a urban-rural difference and as a socio-economic and socio-cultural difference.
Some main patterns on traffic accidents involving youth in Norway will be discussed, but the main focus will be on differences between rural and urban areas, specially differences in behaviour and attitudes towards traffic safety among youths (16-24 years). The theoretical approach will be theories on risk and risk behaviour.
The analysis is partly based on police registered road traffic accidents with personal injuries in Norway during the period 1998-2002, containing 11500 persons (16-24 years) killed or injured in road traffic accidents, but the main discussion will be based on results from a survey of 900 persons between 16 and 24 years from selected rural and urban municipalities in Norway. Possible differences in a urban-rural continuum will be explored. Questions about attitudes towards traffic safety (speeding, drinking and driving, rule obedience and sensation seeking) in addition to exposure and behaviour, is central. Multivariate analyse methods will be used. Differences concerning sex, driver experience and risk-behaviour on other arenas of life, will be emphasized. Some consequences for planning will be discussed including implications of the Norwegian Vision Zero strategy.
Association for European Transport