Planning Transport for the New Member States ? the Use of Urban Transport Benchmarking to Support Policy Formulation
J Baker, S Clifford, Transport and Travel Research Ltd., UK
The paper will review benchmarking data and discuss process issues that have arisen for old and new member states during the EC-supported PLUME thematic network on Land-Use and Mobility Planning, and the Urban Transport Benchmarking Initiative.
This paper will review benchmarking data for old and new member states which has been collected during the EC-supported PLUME thematic network on Land-Use and Mobility Planning, and the Urban Transport Benchmarking Initiative. The paper will present factual evidence on the differences and similarities between the old and new member states, and also discuss some of the benchmarking process issues and the barriers identified by potential partners in New Member States.
The Urban Transport Benchmarking Initiative has applied the concept of benchmarking to the urban transport systems present in cities across the EU and its New Member States. In total 29 cities and regions were represented in year one of the initiative (2003-2004) and each participant collected data relating to 25 common indicators. In addition the participants provided data and qualitative information for a range of thematic indicators, which they had selected based upon the interests of their working group. These working groups were based around the following five themes:
? Behavioural and Social Issues in Public Transport
? City Logistics
? Demand Management
? Public Transport Organisation and Policy
The PLUME Thematic Network has applied a consistent approach in the field of Land-Use and Mobility Planning.
The working group themes were chosen by the participating cities to reflect their interests in terms of urban transport issues. The participating cities were also responsible for helping to select common data indicators, which have been used to benchmark general aspects of urban transport, and thematic indicators, that have been collected by cities within each of the five themed working groups. The thematic indicators are specific to each working group and aim to answer the chosen research questions. The participants have been aided with the definition and analysis of thematic indicators by their working group's expert and rapporteur.
The purpose of the paper will be to address the following:
? Quantitative conclusions regarding the differences and similarities between urban transport in new and existing member states against the following headings:
? The Region and the City
? Transport Network
? Fleet Composition
? Travel Characteristics
? The Economy
? Road Safety
? Qualitative conclusions based on supporting data addressing a range of technical themes
? Conclusions and implications for European Transport Policy
? Discussion of the barriers to objective benchmarking in the New Member States
Association for European Transport