Bus Rapid Transit: Worldwide Success of a Modular Toolbox
R Hesse, TransTec Consult, DE
This paper gives an overview over existing BRT and high capacity systems and focuses on some aspects which can help cities to create their own tailor made solution.
High capacity bus systems or so called BRT systems are quite popular in these days. South and North America, Asia, Africa and also Europe have built up such systems. No system is equal to another and each one has specific advantages.
This paper gives an survey over existing high capacity bus systems and focuses on some aspects which can help cities and urban areas to create their own tailor made solution.
?X Definition of BRT
A brief definition of BRT or high capacity bus systems is given (this can also include different definition from different continents or countries) to make the topic clear.
?X Survey of existing BRT or high capacity bus systems
In this survey all important (or systems well known from publications) BRT and bus systems are named and a short description is given. Basic data like technical equipment, lane design, passenger/day, financing cost, ... are included and give a brief overview over up to date systems. Planned or discussed projects are also listed to show the importance of this subject.
?X Description of common and variable characteristics
To divide the existing systems into common groups, the characteristics are viewed and listed by examples. To get a wide spectrum of different groups the focus is not only on the technical aspects of a system.
The following characteristics (or further) are introduced:
?X infrastructure of the running way
?X exclusive or segregated lanes
?X acceleration of bus lines
?X passenger access to the system
?X possibility of combination with existing systems
?X guided systems
?X technical tasks (closes systems etc.)
?X organisation of fare (linked transit system)
2. operation of a bus system
?X frequency of service
?X service period
?X passenger per day/peak hour
?X average cost per km
?X Classification into groups with the same characteristics
For a better comparison of the existing systems a classification based on the results of the previous topic is made. This classification shows the common elements and techniques of different systems. The size of each group will be relevant for the importance of a characteristic.
?X Description of success and individual problems of a system or system group
Compared with forecasted passenger figures, operating costs and individual tasks the systems are divided into more or less successful. If there are any, special problems are named. Through this individual characteristics can by analysed and give conclusions to their effectiveness.
?X Recommendation for planning BRT or high capacity bus systems
As a result of this survey certain elements and procedures are seen as successful or less successful. This gives planing authorities the guidance to avoid mistakes and built up their own tailor made successful BRT system.
Association for European Transport