TRANSFORMES ? Regional Strategies and Local Implementation in Integrated Land-use and Transport Planning
G Wulfhorst, INSA de Strasbourg/ADEUS, FR
Coherence in regional and local decisions is crucial for sustainability. TRANSFORMES develops long-term strategies and short-term actions in land-use and transport for the Strasbourg region. Findings can be transposed to other European regions.
TRANSFORMES is a research project funded by the European Commission as a Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship. It is conducted at INSA de Strasbourg (university) and at ADEUS (regional planning agency) until the end of 2005 and accompanied by an advisory board of local and European experts. There is a project website on www.insa-strasbourg.fr/transformes.
The project is based on existing studies like a project on the interaction between transport nodes and urban sites (Beckmann, Wulfhorst, Baier, Peter et al., 2003), a thesis work on station development (Wulfhorst 2003) an the French-German project Bahn.Ville (www.bahn-ville.net).
First results have been presented at the European Transport Conference in 2004. This paper will be an opportunity to present and discuss the findings for scientific validation.
BACKGROUND AN OBJECTIVES
Land use and traffic are closely related to one-another. Passenger transport by moving between places for different activities is depending on the spatial structure of locations. Urban structures are evolving in correspondence to accessibility.
In the Strasbourg region, mobility can on the one hand be regarded as a basic condition for local quality of life. One the other hand improvements in accessibility could contribute to the strengthening of Strasbourg as European region. The challenge is to enhance existing regional potentials - on a cross-border level.
The objectives of the project are to develop a regional strategy of integrated land-use and transport development for the Strasbourg region and to assess actual planning processes and local projects.
A reference model has been deducted from scientific knowledge and by best-practice analysis of other European regions like Zuid-Holland, Freiburg, Basel, Montpellier, Barcelona or Chicago. Its elements can be regarded as a general orientation and evaluation grid. Important aspects are the integration issues between different disciplines, spatial levels, organisational structures and an adapted methodological framework.
In the Strasbourg region, main challenges concerning the integration of land-use and transport are to
- increase performance of the regional public transport network as well as to improve the hierarchy, diversity and multi-polarity of urban structures.
On the process level it seems to be necessary to enlarge the spatial vision from a local point of view to the European region (global vision, regional strategy, local action),
- ensure conditions of cooperation by the integration of competences and authorities
- reinforce time as a factor that matters in planning procedures (need of anticipation for decision taking, timing of measures)
REGIONAL STRATEGY ON THE LONG TERM LEVEL
A strategic planning document is worked out exemplarily for the urban region of Strasbourg focussing on urban development at inter-modal transport nodes. Concepts and measures are defined on a framework scale for prospective development.
The paper and presentation will highlight elements of this regional strategy. Territorial interactions are summed up in a network analysis including both a typology of transport nodes and a specification of urban dynamics.
Orientations are established regarding structure and processes issues on the levels off
-the central agglomeration (Strasbourg-Kehl)-
- the urban region with (secondary) poles (about 1 Mio. inhabitants in a 30 km radius) as well as
- he metropolitan network (Upper Rhine Valley from Mannheim/Karlsruhe to Basel)
LOCAL PROJECTS ON THE SHORT TERM LEVEL
The regional strategy is the basis for implementing and testing measures and strategies in local planning processes. Urban and transport planning projects worked out at ADEUS give the opportunity to join, contribute to and observe a choice of these processes. Specific sites/projects represent demonstrators for local evaluation of the regional strategy. Effects of urban and transport project planning on regional sustainability will be estimated.
Specific projects for assessing planning principles by experimental implementation are
- the East-West development axis crossing the border from Strasbourg to Kehl,
- the urban requalification of the central part of the motorway A 35,
- the interconnection of high-speed railways and the articulation between the stations of Strasbourg and Offenburg
- the transit-oriented development of urban centres on the regional railway axis.
The implementation of scientific findings in local planning processes are a fruitful base for evaluating intra-regional cooperation strategies and appropriate planning tools. Obstacles and synergies observed on the local level serve as feedback for the regional strategy, for the general evaluation and recommendations.
The results will be summed up for the Strasbourg case study and presented to the local authorities participating in the Advisory Board.
Transposable results like conceptual recommendations and process strategies will be published and presented adequately on the European level.
Association for European Transport