Mobility in the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Region: Evidence from the German National Travel Survey (NTS)
P Endemann, Planungsverband Ballungsraum Frankfurt/Rhein-Main, DE; A Maleika, traffiQ Frankfurt, DE
Overview and methodMobility in Germany 2002 (MiD) is the new German NTS which was carried out in order to up date the former Western German KONTIV-surveys (continuous travel surveying) and to provide substantial data on mobility, travel behaviour and mutual effects with spatial, socio-economic and socio-demographic characteristics. For the first time, this new survey includes both parts of the reunified Germany. It covers a wide range of new factors such as income, mobility habits of citizens, duration of residence, availability of transport modes, availability of public transport tickets, frequent business trips etc. 25,000 households had been captured in this postal and telephone survey nationwide. As in several other federal states, the sample size was considerably added-on in the Federal state of Hessen, which permitted to analyse the different regions more in-depth. Mobility in the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Region: Presentation and scopeIn 2001, the new formed Planungsverband Ballungsraum Frankfurt/Rhein-Main was established in order to draft for the first time in Germany an integrated Regional and Land-Use Plan (RegFNP) for the whole Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Region which counts 2.18 Mio. inhabitants (75 cities). Although it is a polycentric region with two cities of more than 100.000 habitants and several medium-sized cities, the City of Frankfurt (pop. 645,000) has quite an important role to play since it has to be considered as the economic, cultural and transport core of the region with one of busiest railway station in Europe (350,000 travellers daily). Data from Mobility in Germany are needed first to up date the regional travel data basis (Verkehrsdatenbasis Rhein-Main) with respect to several travel behaviour indicators aiming to provide the corresponding model. Furthermore, the regional results of MiD provide substantial information on the travel behaviour and mobility characteristics and some insights on the personal habits of use in this new region.Objectives and issuesThe paper focuses on this second aspect and presents some figures of the survey and looks on the comparison of Frankfurt as the core of the region with the smaller cities within the Frankfurt/Rhine-Main agglomeration in detail. Referring to this, the following questions are highlighted: At what time do most activities in the region take place, in Frankfurt (day of the week, mode, purpose)? For which purposes do people travel in these areas, which mode do they use? What influence have the different transport options on the individual's behaviour? What are the mode usage habits and attitudes? Are people fixed on one single mode? How can planning strategies be assessed regarding their impact using the collected data (e.g. rail-oriented development, mixed-use planning)OutcomeBeside the provision of new rich data at a disaggregated level, the paper identifies that overall mobility in Frankfurt and the surroundings do not differ substantially and suburbia does not automatically mean high percentage of car use since people nearby rail stations and with available cars use considerably bicycles and public transport. The more mobile options people have the more flexible they are in their daily travel behaviour. An interesting group are car passengers. The results give some evidence on the potentials of mixed-use planning and particularly rail-oriented development but makes also clear that efforts regarding the use of public transport of elderly people and discretionary trips such as leisure, shopping and other private activities are necessary. Service trips have to be considered as a further issue.In Mobility in Germany 2002, the overall use of public transport is identified to be weaker than in former years. This is partly true and will be highlighted in the paper. The paper shows some evidences on the strengths and weaknesses of public transport and tries to explain the problems one has to consider reflecting mobility figures.
Association for European Transport