Do Physical Factors Matter While Choosing Means of Transport?
H Foltynova, M Braun Kohlova, Charles University Environment Centre, CZ
The paper provides information on methodology and summarizes results of a sociological survey focused on a choice of means of passenger transport in an urban area.
The paper provides information on methodology and summarizes results of a sociological survey focused on a choice of means of passenger transport in an urban area. The research is a part of a large 5-year national project ?Analyses of needs to build up a cycling infrastructure in the Czech Republic? funded by the Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic.
The aim of the entire project is to identify barriers of a further development of cycling as means of transport. The whole project is supposed to provide the public and local and national representatives with information about technical issues of transport safety, comfort and cross-connectivity of cycling tracks. One of its main objectives is to build up a database of existing and planned cycling tracks in the Czech Republic as well as the share of cycling on the whole modal share of transport. Another aim of the project is a socio-economic analysis of demand for various means of passenger transport and social barriers of a further development of a more sustainable structure of mobility. Preliminary results and methodology of this part of the project are described in the paper.
The results of the research will be used not only as a discussion point about motivation of people to use various kinds of transport (including a bike) and their potential to switch among various means of transport but also as a source of data for a subsequent cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of cycling infrastructure.
Data needed for the CBA of cycling infrastructure will be partly gained from a questionnaire survey in an urban area in the Czech Republic. The aims are 1) to map regular journeys of a given population sample; 2) to measure quantitatively the frequency of choosing various means of transport by a given population sample; 3) to explain why people with different socio-economic characteristics prefer various means of transport; 4) to form several types comprising of both the objective pre-requisites of respondents (age, demands of his/her profession, phase of life-cycle, a distance between the house and the place of work, etc.) and his/her attitudes (non-physical variables) towards individual means of transport. A hypothesis about the independence of passengers? choice on physical variables will be tested.
The sociological survey is conducted as a case study in an urban area, the pilot and the data collection takes place in the Czech town of Pilsen. Decision for a case study limits in a certain extend generalization of the survey results on the whole Czech population. On the other hand, it brings advantages such as a possibility to catch drivers of a transport demand choice of a certain population who is influenced by the same physical conditions (a size of the agglomeration, topography of the site, structure and accessibility of transport infrastructure for individual and public transport etc.). These criteria and their variability during a process of choosing a transport mode are necessary to control in the research. The paper concludes with description of obtained social types and a verification of the hypothesis about the independence of passengers? choice on physical variables.
Association for European Transport