Evaluation of Dangerous Goods By Road In EU



Evaluation of Dangerous Goods By Road In EU

Authors

C Rindone, University of Reggio Calabria, IT; D Ianno, ATAM ? Reggio Calabria, IT

Description

Aggregate and disaggregate methodologies are used to obtaining an assessment of dangerous goods carried out on national and international level in some European countries.

Abstract

In spite of the central role transports have in modern society, they influence in negative way the environment, in a local and a global context, in different ways, producing different types of externalities that have to be reduced with numerous strategies.
A lot of national governments are directing their choices about transports to evolve towards sustainable mobility. In literature there?re numerous definitions of sustainable mobility.
In this context, in recent years the attention towards the environmental protection carriage of dangerous good has grown. The carriage of dangerous goods and knowledge of linked risks has assumed particular relevance. The accidental events involving these products have spurred, in some cases , environmental damages on a vast scale.
In Italy, from 1995 to 2000, 227 road accidents involving dangerous goods occurred; for these accidents, inflammables are dispersed in environment (21% of petrol; 19% of gasoline; 16% of GPL) and in 10% of cases these accidents have produced environmental damages. In Spain, from 2000 to 2003, 178 road accidents occurred involving 27 dead.
The international rules about carriage of dangerous goods are referred to single transport mode and they?re contained in the regulation manual about road transport (ADR, 2005), railway transport (RID, 2005), maritime transport (IMO, 2002) and air transport (ICAO-IATA, 2003). A United Nations Committee ruled about classification and labelling and updates periodically the ?Orange Book?.

The regulations are principally about labelling, characteristics of containers and means of transport, procedures of loading an unloading, training and behaviour of drivers and conformity of ship?s papers. Nevertheless, a frame to individuate an overall view of danger for this transport activity is missing. In particular, it?s not considered the simultaneous presence of more shipments in the same infrastructure or the unbalanced use of the different transport mode. This kind of approach should concern the infrastructure?s management (i.e. Società Autostrade SpA, Rete Ferroviaria Italiana in Italy) or, in general, the authority which supervises the transport system planning (i.e. the Italian Department of Transport an Infrastructures). It would be necessary, in this context, a global assessment of transport activity with a systemic approach.
In this context, to promote sustainable mobility and to prevent global warning it?s necessary a knowledge of the quantities, kind and nature of dangerous goods carried. European Union, for this aim, has imposed on Member States the recording of information about types of dangerous goods carried to construct a complete description of flows of dangerous goods in European context.
In Italy, the available sources of information (Department of Transport and Infrastructures, 2001, 2002), indicates that most of national dangerous goods is carried by road. This imbalance produces relevant quantities of externalities in terms of environmental and social costs for the community.

The aim of this note is to evaluate the quantities of dangerous goods carried in different territorial contexts. To individuate correct strategies for prevention and/or protection of risk linked to these transport activities it is essential an in-depth study of dangerous goods carried.
This aspect constitutes a fundamental element in the risk analysis about surfaces and itineraries crossed by dangerous goods. In particular with these analysis it?s possible to identify the most critical point (for example crossing of urban zones, sensible environments as rivers, lakes, etc.). The evaluation of risks allows to individuate strategies to prevent global warning.
In this note, starting from available sources, aggregate and disaggregate methodologies are used to obtaining an assessment of dangerous goods carried out on national and international level in some European countries (Italy, Spain, etc.). A comparison of carried quantities with different transport modalities is also presented.

In this note, starting from available sources, aggregate and disaggregate methodologies are used to obtaining an assessment of dangerous goods carried out on national and international level in some European countries (Italy, Spain, etc.). A comparison of carried quantities with different transport modalities is also presented.

Publisher

Association for European Transport