Speeding Up Bus Rapid Transit System in Hamburg Metropolitan Area
Rainer Schneider, Hamburg-Consult GmbH
The programme to speed up Bus Transport in Hamburg was set up more than two years ago and the implementation is in full swing.
The city of Hamburg comprises 1.8 and Hamburg metropolitan area more than 3.5 mio inhabitants. The public transport system consists of two major elements, namely regional and urban rail services on the one hand and local bus lines on the other. In contrast to many other urban areas of this size, there exists no lightrail system. Therefore, due to strong increase of population and changed attitudes, passenger growth must be mastered by the bus system first of all. A huge investment programme covering 250 mio € was decided to make bus transit more attractive, first of all by abolishing oil bound engines and by making busses much faster. The political objective is not less than to create "the most advanced bus system in Europe". The programme is very ambitious, because it focuses on high volume lines and inner city sections promising highest positive effects. To assess the effects, a bimodal transport model was set up to calculate modal changes between individual and bus transport on the one hand as well as within the public transport sector from underground to bus on the other. It is a prerequisite for submitting the programme in total as well as for each segment of it, that the underground must not be cannibalized by a public transport on the road.
The programme to speed up Bus Transport in Hamburg was set up more than two years ago and the implementation is in full swing. It will take another two to five years to complete the programme and to make an ultimate assessment of the results.
Association for European Transport