Dongtan: Transport Planning for Sustainable City
Peter Head, Arup, UK
Proposed to become the first ecological city in 21st Century China, Dongtan Eco City will play a large part in defining what sustainable urban development means in China and beyond.
Proposed to become the first ecological city in 21st Century China, Dongtan Eco City will play a large part in defining what sustainable urban development means in China and beyond. Responsibly addressing significant challenges to the region?s and Nation?s long term growth ? water supply, water quality, air quality, global warming, mobility and access, culture, energy costs, housing supply, land attractive to emergent economic sectors, sustainable food systems, education, environmental health and human health ? Dongtan Eco City will be a liveable, complete community that makes economic, environmental and social sense locally while also contributing to national and global sustainability.
Dongtan is not intended to be a demonstrator of imported technology or ideas. It will represent the Chinese understanding of sustainability within the context of China?s developing economy and unique natural and cultural environment. Quality of life will be the distinctive feature of the new city, where environmental, social and economic sustainability will be the key values for development.
The transport work undertaken has identified a number of preferred transport technologies that should be considered to serve the Eco-Demonstrator (Ec D) and Dongtan City as a whole. This first assessment was based on a sustainability appraisal, a financial appraisal and an economic appraisal. Economic/demographic scenarios, urban design, potential technologies, public policy, infrastructure fixes, and route options have been the key inputs to this process.
Initial work focussed on the sizing and appraisal of an ?About Town? bus route for the Eco Demonstrator, comparing hydrogen fuel cell and conventional diesel buses. This approach was extended to consider other technologies and routes and appraise against different scenarios for the scale and speed of development for the Ec-D and Dongtan as a whole.
Association for European Transport