Making Parking Management an Effective Tool in Travel Planning



Making Parking Management an Effective Tool in Travel Planning

Authors

Adrian Taylor, Atkins, UK

Description

Approaches to parking management drawing upon case study experience and a range of options, including charging regimes, parking provision from site relocation and entry/ access control and provision for car sharers

Abstract

Encouragingly, in recent years, there is an increasing recognition amongst local authorities, developers and organisations that parking management is a powerful travel planning tool. So often in the past, parking management was regarded as a separate strategy, isolated from other sustainable travel initiatives ? a tool to address parking problems for car drivers to a site.

The rationale for integrating parking management into travel planning is as follows:
? Parking management provides the impetus for a shift to sustainable modes. Without changes to current parking conditions, existing car drivers have limited incentives for modal shift and are likely to continue their existing travel behaviour;
? For effective and fair parking management, sustainable travel alternatives need to be in place for individuals removed of their parking entitlement. Travel planning can deliver a ?package? of options for alternative travel modes and guard against potential problems from implementing parking management as an isolated strategy. These include physical problems such as overspill parking from a site into inappropriate residential areas and attitudinal problems such as employee resentment; and
? The introduction of parking charges can raise revenue for hypothecation into sustainable transport measures. Parking management can therefore be a financing mechanism for travel plan delivery.

Having demonstrated the rationale for integrating parking management and travel planning into an over-arching Transportation or Accessibility Strategy, we look at approaches to parking management. This shall draw upon case study experience and a range of options, including charging regimes, parking provision from site relocation and entry/ access control and provision for car sharers.

Particular focus shall be a parking permit allocation system developed by Atkins to allocate parking capacity based on need.

Publisher

Association for European Transport