Making Parking Management an Effective Tool in Travel Planning
Adrian Taylor, Atkins, UK
Approaches to parking management drawing upon case study experience and a range of options, including charging regimes, parking provision from site relocation and entry/ access control and provision for car sharers
Encouragingly, in recent years, there is an increasing recognition amongst local authorities, developers and organisations that parking management is a powerful travel planning tool. So often in the past, parking management was regarded as a separate strategy, isolated from other sustainable travel initiatives ? a tool to address parking problems for car drivers to a site.
The rationale for integrating parking management into travel planning is as follows:
? Parking management provides the impetus for a shift to sustainable modes. Without changes to current parking conditions, existing car drivers have limited incentives for modal shift and are likely to continue their existing travel behaviour;
? For effective and fair parking management, sustainable travel alternatives need to be in place for individuals removed of their parking entitlement. Travel planning can deliver a ?package? of options for alternative travel modes and guard against potential problems from implementing parking management as an isolated strategy. These include physical problems such as overspill parking from a site into inappropriate residential areas and attitudinal problems such as employee resentment; and
? The introduction of parking charges can raise revenue for hypothecation into sustainable transport measures. Parking management can therefore be a financing mechanism for travel plan delivery.
Having demonstrated the rationale for integrating parking management and travel planning into an over-arching Transportation or Accessibility Strategy, we look at approaches to parking management. This shall draw upon case study experience and a range of options, including charging regimes, parking provision from site relocation and entry/ access control and provision for car sharers.
Particular focus shall be a parking permit allocation system developed by Atkins to allocate parking capacity based on need.
Association for European Transport