The Legacies of Olympic Games for Urban Transportation: an Untouchable Gift?
Kangjing He, MVA Consultancy
Increasingly, the longer-term legacy effects of the Games towards the local daily lives have been gaining more concern, and become a focal point of criticism since the Games grew bigger and more expensive in recent years.
Dr Kangjing He (MVA Consultancy, worked as a transport planner at the Beijing Organising Committee for the XXIX Olympiad, and advisory consultant of the London 2012 Organising committee)
Professor Philippe Bovy (IOC Transport advisor, Member of the IOC Evaluation Commission, Member of the IOC Candidature Acceptance Working Groups) – to be confirmed – (IOC: International Olympic Committee)
The Olympic impacts on the city infrastructure and sustainable urban transport development have been widely recognized, as early as mentioned in the official report of the Rome 1960 Games. Increasingly, the longer-term legacy effects of the Games towards the local daily lives have been gaining more concern, and become a focal point of criticism since the Games grew bigger and more expensive in recent years. Whether the 'Olympic’ positive impacts could be actually adopted in the host cities and sustained after the Games is considered crucial for the future host cities as well as the Olympic movements. By looking back to the past Olympic Games, this paper presents a comprehensive comparison analysis of the short-term and long-term impacts on transportation have been in previous Olympic Games, and the monetary investment and construction works carried in transportation facilities for the preparation of the Games. Their Games-time operation situations and post-games usage provide evidence to suggest that adapting the Olympic tasks to the local background travel needs appropriately is a key to success. This Planning-Match consideration links the Games-operational demands to the background transport development and residents’ travel patterns alteration, is suggested to be vital important for the future host cities and events’ organizers to plan a smooth operation during the Games-time, and achieve the positive legacies in the years to come.
Association for European Transport