The SUNRISE Project: Flexible Mobility Services to Increase the Sustainable Mobility and Social Cohesion in the European Regions
G Ambrosino, ATAF SpA, IT; S Vegni, ATAF SpA, IT; J Brake, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, UK; A Naniopoulos, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR
SUNRISE is an European project under the INTERREG IIIC SOUTH Programme and aims to increase sustainable development and social cohesion in the European regions with the implementation of Demand Responsive Transport services in urban and rural areas.
SUNRISE (Cohésion sociale dans les zones urbaines/rurales basée sur services collectifs de mobilité innovateurs et durables) is a 24 months European project (1 June 2004 ? 31 May 2006) part-financed by the INTERREG IIIC SOUTH Programme. SUNRISE aims to increase sustainable development and social cohesion in the European regions with the implementation of Demand Responsive Transport services (DRTs) in 6 urban and rural areas covering 6 European countries.
DRT schemes show important advantages and benefits in several European cities and regions as innovative measures complementary to the conventional, scheduled passenger transport, serving dispersed mobility needs, either during hours of low demand, in areas of low population, or where the target users are dispersed among the general population (e.g. elderly & disabled, students, tourists, etc.).
As a relevant element of a larger intermodal service chain, DRT can provide local mobility, as well as connections to other conventional forms of transport (e.g. regular bus network, railway services, etc.).
SUNRISE purpose is also the diffusion of good practices and the support to the authorities for planning and setting up DRTs. Authorities could improve transport policies and increase their knowledge in managing the urban and peri-urban mobility. To reach this objectives SURNISE moves to organize training courses and personnel exchange among partners and representatives of local site administrations.
The paper, after an overview of the role of DRTs in the overall collective transport chain, aims to present the investigation methodology set up for the local SUNRISE sites and the real applications developed during the project. The paper focuses on the evaluation methodology for the analysis of the different impacts (environmental, economic, technical and social). The results achieved in every local site will be common assessed comparing the different DRT site approach and objectives.
1. DRT services and SUNRISE SITES
The context and the different European sites where DRTs operates will be described taking into account the benefits and opportunities that they could provide both to sustainable mobility and accessibility to transport services.
A short description of each SUNRISE site is given in terms of:
? main objectives and approach
? territorial characteristics and demand needs;
? DRT real services developed under SUNRISE project;
? local results and environmental and social benefits.
2. Sunrise Project
A short overview of the main SUNRISE horizontal activities is provided underlying:
? exchange of experience and knowledge of DRT services and methods through tutorial courses on different aspects of DRT services;
? collection of knowledge and good practices about the operation and implementation of DRT services;
? dissemination of the SUNRISE results and approach (production of information material, conferences, workshops?);
Moreover a specific section will describe the evaluation methodology, the categories utilised for assessing the different impacts of the SUNRISE applications in each site and the comparative assessment through social, economic and technical indicators.
3. Results and conclusions
In this section, the main results obtained in each site and the main conclusions on the common evaluation are provided using comparative tables in order to facilitate readers to understand the relevant SUNRISE contribution to reduce the social exclusion and to improve sustainable mobility.
4. Key Words
? PT: Public transport
? DRTs: Demand Responsive Transport services;
? Sustainable mobility
? Social cohesion
? Transport service accessibility
Association for European Transport