Electronic Tolling on Board Units As Electronic Custom Seals
V Batanovic, G Radivojevic, Z Damnjanovic, Mihailo Pupin Institute, YU
Serbia is running the project which will use ETC TAG as electronic custom seal and motorway tolling means . Commercial vehicle equipped by TAG carring toll data, as well as custom data, enabling fast custom clearness and efficient movement control
Microwave electronic tolling systems (ETC) are based on implementation on board units (TAG) which is placed in each vehicle. According to EU specification for ETC interoperability all ETCs have to be on 5.8 GHz. TAG usually carries basic information concerning toll operator, way of payment, its serial number, country cod etc. But all modern TAGs have more memory space than it is necessary for tolling needs. The project which is under construction in Serbia will introduce new application of TAGs for electronic custom seal. As Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Croatia, Bosnia and Turkey are not the members of EU at their borders there are custom procedure for each commercial vehicle, which is time consuming and, some time, cumbersome.
Croatia, Serbia and Turkey already have microwave ETC on their motorways. Serbia and Croatia are neighboring countries. Each commercial vehicle has to stop at the border entry of Serbia, border exit of Serbia, border entry of Croatia and border exit of Croatia for custom clearness procedure. Each border stop caused delay which is measured by hours. And at each border stop the same procedure is performing. This situation produces long queues, delays and lot of inconvenience for commercial vehicle drivers. It also extends the travel time and allover magnify transportation costs.
Serbia is performing the project which will use TAGs as electronic custom seal as well as means of motorway toll payment. At the entrance border to Serbia each lane for commercial vehicle custom clearance will be equipped with ETC beacon, automatic vehicle license plate recognition (ALPR) system and weighing in motion equipment. During the entry custom clearing procedure the vehicle license plate number,axle weight, driver?s data, origin and destination points, type of goods transported, custom tariffs and time and date of entry is downloaded to TAG. In the same time all these and others custom data concerning the vehicle are stored in custom data base. All custom offices at borders crossing and in the country are connected in intranet. Once the vehicle proceeded on this way at an entry crossing comes to the exit border check point the ALPR system read the vehicle license plate content and based on the license plate recall all custom data from data base. These data are compared with data on the TAG and if all data from ALPR, TAG and data base are identical only fast visual checking of vehicle and drivers passports are performed. This procedure takes couple minutes instead of hours.
To prevent any frauds during the traveling through the country TAG number, license plate number and itinerary of such vehicles are distributed along motorways, so each pay toll line equiped by ETC beacon and ALPR is in the same time check point for the commercial vehicle movement. In case of leaving the motorway at the pay toll station which is not at the vehicle itinerary alarm is send to nearby police and custom office. This procedure is specially applied to comercial vehicle carring hazardous goods.
The paper describes the system philosophy, architecture, its integration in motorway ITS, problems in implementation, expected benefits and efforts to its extension to be common solution for Croatia and Serbia.
Association for European Transport