Assessing the Status and Variation in Rail Interoperability in European Countries
W E Walker, Demis b.v. and Delft University of Technology, NL; G Baarse, Baarse Beleidsondersteuning & Consult b.v., NL; A van Velzen, Vital-Link Policy Analysis, NL; T Järvi, VTT, FI
Assesses the status of interoperability within and between eleven countries in a railway corridor stretching from Greece to the Nordic countries, and explains its variability.
This paper describes work conducted within REORIENT, an EC Sixth Framework project. One of REORIENT?s objectives was to document and explain the status of transformation of the European railway sector from loosely connected national railways toward a functionally integrated, interoperable system. We assessed the status of interoperability within and between eleven countries in a railway corridor stretching from Greece to the Nordic countries. We assessed the variation in interoperability status across the countries according to a variety of aspects.
The primary data source for the analysis was a set of interviews with the major actors and stakeholders associated with each country?s rail freight system. The (qualitative) information from the interviews was translated into numeric scores, which were subjected to statistical analysis. Scores were associated with:
· Requirements to achieve seamless rail freight transport, which include all necessary conditions related to the institutional/legal framework, the market system, and the physical railway system, presumed by the EC (in its Directives) to lead to seamless international rail freight transport.
· Implementation conditions, which are conditions that must be met or situations that would help to facilitate the implementation of (interoperability) requirements in achieving seamless international rail freight transport.
The objective of the statistical analysis was to provide an assessment of the relationships between the requirements and the implementation conditions. The statistical analysis involved both the identification of relevant relationships and an assessment of the strength of these relationships.
Overall, we found that there was considerable variation in interoperability status across the countries on practically all of the requirements. However, there was also considerable variation in the status of the implementation conditions across the countries. As a result, we found that most of the variability was able to be explained by relationships that were found to exist between the requirements and implementation conditions.
Association for European Transport