Input-output Analysis of Transport Sectors of Germany
B Schade, European Commisson Joint Research Centre, INT and Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, ES
The aim of this paper is to analyse the transport sectors of Germany between 1990 and 2002 through Input-Output-Tables. The analysis shows clearly that changes in transport sectors refer to impacts of European and national transport policies.
The aim of this paper is to analyse the transport sectors of Germany between 1990 and 2002 through an analysis of Input-Output-Tables. Based on a time series of Input-Output-Tables two transport vehicle sectors and five transport service sectors can be differentiated. The development of the transport sectors can be described in terms of export, import, gains, employment, intermediates, production structure etc. on a sectoral level.
A key part of the analysis is the investigation of the transport service sectors. One transport sector represents combined transport and with this sector the linkages between the different modes of transport can be investigated. The analysis stress between which transport sectors high integration occurs and which transport sectors remain rather isolated. It can be shown that combined transport has an increasing importance in transport.
The development of the transport sectors can be related to transport policies on the national and international level. During this period of time several new transport policies came into place like e.g. the exemption of fixed tariffs for road freight transport and the different steps of air liberalisation. The outcome of the undertaken analysis of transport sectors can be linked to transport policies. E.g. in the case of the exemption of fixed tariffs it can be shown that this leads to changes of gains of the road transport sector and of cargo.
The analysis of the development of transport sectors and the link to transport policies shows clearly that changes in transport sectors refer to impacts of European and national transport policies.
Association for European Transport