Bridging the Gap - the Use of Methods from Research Results for Implementation of Sustainable Urban Transport Plans ? with the Example from Lund, Sweden
C Ljungberg, Trivector, SE
The city of Lund has been using methods from research results implementing an extensive SUTP. More than ? 31 million were invested in measures in the plan. The implementation created substantial results in reducing car travel and exhaust emissions.
In Europe the discussion about sustainability has been ongoing since beginning of the nineties. In Lund, a medieval university town in Sweden, there is a long tradition of dealing with traffic in innovative ways. Since mid nineties the city has been working with an extensive plan to create a sustainable transport system, LundaMaTs. One very important part of the outlay of the work with the LundaMaTs plan was a discussion of how the implementation of the measures could be secured, through a support process based on scientific research results. Following a model suggested by Bent Flyvbjerg this formed a substantial part of the plan. The suggested measures consisted of 83 subprojects, organized in 5 main reforms. The City of Lund selected four main projects to focus on over a starting three-year period (1999-2001) and began the implementation process. In 2002-2004 they continued. During 1998-2004 app. ? 31 million were invested in different measures within LundaMaTs. Larger evaluations have been carried out 2002 and 2004, through a questionnaire to 4000 inhabitants. This investigation 2004 showed that in total 20% of the inhabitants have been influenced to change their behaviour. They have reduced their car travelling with about 10 million kilometres ? or about 2,5-3 % ? during 2004 compared with a situation without LundaMaTs. The use of research results in making the plan, making the plan accepted and when implementing the measures seems to have had an important impacts on the results, due to among others a thesis done by Carsten Jahn Hansen.
Association for European Transport