'Keeping London Moving' Bus Priority in London
K Gardner, J Hodges, Transport for London, UK
The paper outlines the history and development of bus priority in the UK. In addition transport policy and the potential contribution bus priority can make to sustainable transport studies is examined.
The paper outlines the history and development of bus priority in the UK, with most examples from the London area. The transport policy and the potential contribution bus priority can make to sustainable transport solutions is examined. The paper looks back over the past 10 years and particularly highlights in detail developments from 2000, where substantial progress has been made with the political support of the Mayor and considerable partnership delivery has been achieved by the 33 London Boroughs (through the London Bus Priority Network) and TfL. But, traffic congestion remains outside of the congestion charging zone and is increasing.
Highlights since 2000 include:
? a 40% increase in bus passengers in London
? a 4% modal shift from private cars to public transport
? 546 new bus lanes installed
The focus of the paper will be on the progress made over the last six years in London, incorporating the London Bus Initiatives 1 and 2 (LBI), formalisation of the Bus Priority Partnership with the London Bus Priority Network (LBPN), the Corridor Management (Intensified Bus Priority) pilots on Route 38 and 149, the introduction of central London Congestion Charging, and the development of iBus and Selective Vehicle Detection (SVD) at traffic signals. Finally, details of the forward planning Third Generation Bus Priority programme, taking into account the predicted population and employment growth over the next 10 years (+800,000 people and 900,000 new jobs), transport requirements for 2025 (T2025), Network Management Plans and the western extension to the Congestion Charging Zone will conclude the paper.
Association for European Transport