International Road Freight Transport in Germany and The Netherlands. Driver Costs Analysis and French Perspectives
L Guihery, Laboratoire d'Economie des Transports, FR
This paper deals with a micro-economic analysis of operating costs and driving costs in German and Dutch long distance Road Freight Transport. This Research was managed by the French Committee of Road Freigt Transport (CNR /Comité National Routier)
The aim of this research is to investigate the structure of the road freight market and the driving costs of German and Dutch international road freight companies. The research has been mainly based on interviews, data analysis, statistics and observations. We show first, for Germany, that German road freight transport sector is split in two parts, West Germany where high costs of transport are linked with efficiency, high quality and reliability of transport and East Germany which is acting as ?low cost carrier? facing directly East European countries. In some sector German companies are leading on global markets (car manufacturing for example) and reliability of transport and high quality services are the key factors : these companies are involved in a ?just in time? strategy and reliability of inputs and outputs are a necessity. It appears also that some companies ask for ?German? transport and refuse that East-European sub contractors are involved in the transport. We also notice that German drivers are in international freight transport driving at the maximum available (around 56,5 hours per week) and that high inequalities exist between East and West but also between large companies (with wages collective agreement) and small ones (free wages market).
For the Netherlands, we show that this market is very dynamic and reveals a high efficiency linked with high drivers' costs and higher operating costs of companies in comparaison with large countries in Europe. The leading role of Rotterdam Harbour and a very open-mind life and culture in the Netherlands could be an explanation of the success of Dutch road freight transport today in Europe despite a high costs structures.
This Research was managed by the French Committee of Road Freigt Transport (CNR /Comité National Routier)
Association for European Transport