Integrating Inland Navigation Developments and Land Use. A Case Study for Flanders
T Pauwels, E Van de Voorde, T Vanelslander, A Verhetsel, University of Antwerp, BE
This paper focuses on the results of the qualitative assessment of the future demand for water related industry grounds in Flanders. The output of this paper is an input to further quantification of market developments.
The first results of an on-going project for the Flemish government are presented. The goal of the research is to make a quantitative and qualitative assessment about the future demand for water related industry grounds and terminal activities along the navigable waterways in Flanders. Water related industrial estates are defined as zones next to a navigable waterway and in use for the transhipment of freight. Based on the research, recommendations can be formulated with respect to the policy of supply by the Flemish government in relation to water related grounds. The research of the University of Antwerp is concentrated on traffic analysis and prognoses of freight transport via inland waterway transport. The team of Arcadis Belgium starts from an analysis of the use of water related grounds. As such, the combined research results in an interaction between transport and regional economics.
This paper focuses on the qualitative assessment. On the one hand, increasing environmental awareness as well as economic efficiency of inland navigation make the latter hinterland transport mode more attractive, which levels up demand for water related industrial estates. On the other hand, public policy wants to create sufficient space for economic activities, ensuring optimal spatial and functional allocation, and taking into account future trends and developments. In view of its welfare-economic concerns, it is imminent for a government to match both pressures. This paper tries to assist in this matching process by qualitatively assessing for Flanders the impact of barge transport demand on water related industrial estate demand, and by identifying a number of critical success factors for successful water related land allocation.
Two main research hypotheses are put forward. First, it is stated that demand for water related industrial estates can be expected to further rise, but that demand is conditional upon a large number of market factors. Second, it is stated that a limited number of critical elements can be identified which will be crucial for the ability to match demand for and supply of water related industrial estates, especially factors relating to logistics chains integration.
The methodology is split up in 4 parts. First, an analysis is made of the product and the market. This refers to an overview of the presence and use of the inland navigation waterways and water related industrial estates. Second, relevant policy and society developments are derived. Micro as well as macro trends are included. Third, a SWOT analysis is made of the current market for water related industrial estates. Based on the foregoing research, critical success and failure factors are derived, which are relevant for the demand for inland navigation and water related industrial estates. Throughout the research, interviews have been carried out with all relevant partners for the topic under study.
Based on this research, recommendations can be formulated with respect to the future supply policy of water related industrial estates, in Flanders as well as more generically. The output of this paper is a useful input to further quantification of future market developments, and can serve as input for scenarios in transport models.
Association for European Transport