Reducing Shipping Risks and Simplifying Data Provision Through a New Data Exchange Approach
R Ossevoort, J Gille, ECORYS, NL
The MarNIS project aims to reduce shipping risks and to simplify data provision and data exchange between vessels, shipping agents, and maritime authorities. A Cost Benefit Analysis will show main impacts and feasibility of the MarNIS components.
How will maritime shipping traffic on European seas be managed in 2020? That is what the MarNIS project is about.
In the EU, the maritime transport sector has to operate in a patchwork of international and national legislation regarding the provision of information to and between stakeholders. Data exchange between authorities is limited and companies have to provide the same information to different authorities in different countries, or even by different data provision methods. As such, administrative burdens are relatively high. The European Commission aims to reduce this burden. Moreover, the safety and environmental risks of navigation in EU waters are high resulting from this limited data exchange and fragmentation of responsibilities. The EC intends to reduce these risks. They include the risks imposed on crew and passengers, as well as the environment and thus the European citizens.
Thus the problems are twofold:
1. The effort involved in supplying information to authorities
2. The limited exchange of data between authorities
To this end, the Maritime Navigation and Information or MarNIS project has been initiated. MarNIS is investigating methods to enhance the data provision and data exchange facilities and thereby reduce fragmentation. If successful, the results can be used by EMSA (European Maritime Safety Agency) to implement rules for traffic management at sea and in ports.
The MarNIS project consists of three components:
- SSN++: for the SafeSeaNet concept, currently being introduced for European ports and other authorities, extensions will be developed by adding functionalities to exchange data between various authorities involved in maritime transport throughout Europe. SSN++ is thus a Single Window approach at the European level. In fact, it could be used as the central server for National Single Windows dealing with information related to maritime shipping traffic.
- MOS: Maritime Operations Services, which should help to improve efficiency of services for pollution (oil, chemicals; both accidental and illicit) response and search and rescue at sea. Equally important within the MOS component will be the incorporation of pro-active risk control options to reduce risks. In the end, MOS thus aims to reduce the environmental risks associated with maritime transport.
- VTM in ports: smaller ports will be able to use Vessel Traffic Management included in this MarNIS component to increase safety and efficiency e.g. by using AIS data. AIS stands for Automatic Identification System and enables to monitor the location of individual vessels at sea.
The MarNIS concepts may have numerous impacts on European shipping. Typical advantages will be:
- safety impacts through the reduction of accident probabilities and the reduction of the consequences of accidents,
- environmental impacts through reducing accident probabilities and avoiding environmental damages, the major example is a lower number of spills and smaller spills respectively, and
- efficiency impacts through more efficient information collection and exchange of information between business and authorities and amongst authorities.
Currently, the impacts of MarNIS are under investigation. A Cost Benefit Analysis will be delivered to indicate the feasibility of the concept. This CBA study was commissioned to ECORYS to demonstrate the feasibility of the MarNIS concept. Within the MarNIS project, demonstrations will be held to gain practical knowledge about the use and advantages of the system. By mid 2008 results will be available and these included in our ETC paper.
We intend to show what the management of maritime shipping traffic in European waters may look like by the year 2020.
The paper on MarNIS will therefore be structured as follows:
1. Introduction to the concepts of MarNIS
2. Analysis of the current system of maritime navigation
3. Description of the three components of MarNIS (SSN++, MOS and VTM in ports)
4. Assessment of the impacts of MarNIS on shipping in Europe
5. Feasibility of the concept (lessons learnt from the CBA, as well as from the demonstrations)
6. Recommendations for implementation
Association for European Transport