The Impact of the Economic Crisis on Road Safety: an Exploratory Approach for Some Countries in Europe
Ruth Bergel-Hayat, UPE IFSTTAR GRETTIA, Zoi Christoforou, Ecole Des Ponts, Paris Tech, Simon Ferriere, Ecole des ponts, Paris Tech
economic crisis, road safety, road casualties, fatalities, trends, France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain, European Road Safety Observatory
In some European countries, the economic crisis seems to have resulted in a relevant improvement of their road safety level. As a consequence, a worsening of these levels is to be expected once the period of economic crisis comes to an end, and this is a major concern for the countries that are severely affected by the crisis. For all bodies which analyse road safety trends at international level (the European Road Safety Observatory, the IRTAD group from OCDE) - not only over the past but also in the future -, this is a major challenge.
This exploratory approach focuses on several countries in Europe including France, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain. The objective was to highlight how the changes in road mortality are related to the changes in economic variables. A comparative analysis of their development has been carried out, and the relationship between the number of road fatalities and two key economic variables - the GDP per capita and the unemployment rate -has been investigated.
key words: economic crisis, economic growth, unemployment rate, road safety, fatalities, France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain.
Association for European Transport