A Competitiveness Analysis of Major Airports in Asia Using Fuzzy Linguistic Approach
PARK Y, The Korea Transport Institute, Korea
Demand for air transport in the Asia region is growing faster than in any other region in the world. Statistics complied by the ICAO shows that it grew over 10 per cent per annum during the last decade. There are no signs of this sharp increasing rate fro
Demand for air transport in the Asia region is growing faster than in any other region in the world. Statistics complied by the ICAO shows that it grew over 10 per cent per annum during the last decade. There are no signs of this sharp increasing rate from abating and all the indications are that it will be sustained well into the 21st century.
The potential for air traffic growth in this region is enormous. Positive sources such as the density of population, powerful economical growth, political stability in many countries, deregulation of air transport, and existing competitive airlines, have shed light on some illuminating statistics.
According to the Airports Council International statistics (ACI, 1995), five of the top 30 busiest airports in the world, in terms of numbers of passenger handled in 1994, are situated in the Asia Region particularly North and South-East Asia. When it comes to the numbers of aircraft movements, however, not a single Asian airport features in the top 30 worldwide. This means that a greater number of passengers are being moved with fewer aircraft movements. In this case, air traffic on long-hanl routes has clearly been and will remain dominant although traffic on short-haul routes will grow at a faster rate than on long-hanl routes. Indeed, it boasts the highest ratio of wide-bodied aircraft in its airline fleets than that of any other region.
Many Asian nations are undertaking the expansion project of existing airport's facilities and construction of new airports to meet its dramatically increasing demand. The ambition of almost every government in the region is to build and enhance an airport infrastructure with sufficient capacity and sophistication to become the main international hub airport. It can not be achieved to the status of air hub by not only aspiration and sudden revolution, but the complements of careful strategies and continuous efforts.
In a highly competitive market of North and South-East Asia, almost all major airports are getting enormous competition to take the market-powered airport, now and in the future. It would be valuable to analyse the potential competitiveness of them in the near future when every new constructed airports will operate during the initial phase.
To analyse their competitiveness, this study has adopted several factors, from the various literature reviews, which are recognised as an important elements at the airport system. Also, the fuzzy linguistic approach used and the evaluation is based on the airport experts' points of view.
Association for European Transport