Study of Airport Choice and Airport Access Mode Choice in Southern Germany
BONDZIO L, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany
A trip results from a set of choices made by a traveller. Figure 1 illustrates one possible choice hierarchy. First of all a decision is taken to travel to a specific destination. Then the traveller decides which mode to use for the main part of his journ
A trip results from a set of choices made by a traveller. Figure 1 illustrates one possible choice hierarchy. First of all a decision is taken to travel to a specific destination. Then the traveller decides which mode to use for the main part of his journey. If he decides to travel by air, the next step is perhaps to choose the departure airport for his trip.
Afterwards he decides on the arrangements of the flight, such as airline or departing time, as well as on the arrangements of the access to the airport. Within the airport access the access mode choice plays an important part. This hierarchy is of course only one possible hierarchy. Alternatively, it can be assumed that a traveller, first of all, chooses an access mode and then decides on the departing airport which can be reached most easily with the chosen mode.
Within this choice hierarchy the study focuses on the decisions
* airport choice and
* airport access mode choice.
Both choices depend on the quality of access to the airport. They are not independent from each other. It can be assumed that travellers consider the quality of access as a characteristic of a particular airport. Therefore, the quality, of access may influence the demand for air travel. It is in the best interest both of airports and of airlines to obtain information about the access behaviour of travellers. Sufficient information about access behaviour is vital for the successful introduction of measures t o improve the access to an airport and also to improve the attractiveness of an airport.
As part of the study a survey was carried out at the four German airports Frankfurt, Munich, Stuttgart and Nuremberg collecting data from more than 2200 departing passengers. The first goal was to gather information about the choice behaviour of departing passengers. The second goal was to develop models that are based on the observed behavioui" and are able to forecast the effect of changes in the quality of airport access on the travel behaviour. As a result, a set of different random-utility models was developed.
The major sections of this paper summarize the theoretical framework, describe the data collection, present model estimation results and discuss the forecasting ability of the models.
Association for European Transport