Review of Evidence on the Effects of Road Pricing



Review of Evidence on the Effects of Road Pricing

Authors

B Ubbels, NEA Transport Research and Training, NL; G de Jong, ITS Leeds, UK / Significance, NL

Description

Many national and local governments nowadays are, seriously considering road pricing as
a policy measure to raise revenues or reduce congestion and emissions from road
transport.

Abstract

Many national and local governments nowadays are, seriously considering road pricing as
a policy measure to raise revenues or reduce congestion and emissions from road
transport. A number of countries, states and cities have actually implemented such
measures. This paper considers the effectiveness of road pricing by reviewing road pricing
studies worldwide. The focus will be on the observed effects of schemes actually
implemented. Road pricing can be effective but much depends on the objectives and the
design of the scheme. The review carried out leads to the conclusion that road pricing
schemes, where there are alternative routes and where the charges are likely to vary
considerably by time of day, will probably cause substantial changes in route choice and
departure time choice. A substantial increase in public transport use will only occur if
public transport will be an attractive alternative for many of the origin-destination
combinations, as in the case of the London and Stockholm Congestion Charging systems


Publisher

Association for European Transport