Land Use and Transport Integrated Policies in Peripheral Areas
S Nogues, H Salas-Olmedo, University of Cantabria, ES
This paper puts forward land use and transport measures to be applied within integrated policies so as to improve sustainability and regional cohesion in peripheral areas
This paper has its origin in the research project titled ?Development of a method of evaluation of the effects of road networks on the socioeconomic integration, territory and mobility for peripheral areas, application to the Northwest Spanish Arc?, which is financed under the Means of Transport Section of the R&D National Programme of the Ministry of Education and Science of Spain.
In the above-mentioned project we go more deeply into the diagnosis of the difficulties that peripheral areas should overcome for a more sustainable future. To achieve this, it is necessary to reduce the spatial imbalance lying within and beyond their administrative boundaries, pursuing three main objectives: i. to generate higher incomes; ii. to redistribute the benefits in a more balanced allocation; and iii. to guarantee the social, economic and environmental durability of the new structure.
Many studies from different disciplines have dealt with this issue, land use and transport integrated policies being one of the most productive, and one which has received most attention from the European Union (i.e. PROPOLIS or SCATTER within the Land Use and Transport Research (LUTR) projects). European projects and papers have mainly treated the theme focusing on central and well-developed urban areas, paying attention to some means of transport (railway, road-based public transport, cycling, etc.), or ways to favour intermodal transport.
In this paper we consider their experience, but moreover keeping our eye on the particularities that affect peripheral areas at a regional level. Peripheral areas are: physically isolated; far away from the main transport corridors and core areas; disconnected from the main labour and resources markets; with huge spatial imbalances even within the region; with an absence of attraction for qualified workers, and so on.
As an example of a European peripheral area, we will analyse Cantabria (located in northwest Spain) for which we will develop a set of land use and transport guidelines to improve its competitiveness and sustainability, to include, for example, public transport priorities; restrictions to the use of the car; mixed land use encouragement; ways to achieve institutional co-operation, and so forth. The selection of measures, and criteria for applying them, is based both on a literature review of papers, projects and spatial planning documents from different EU countries and Spanish regions, as well as on the analysis of current data about population, industrial and service activities and transport infrastructures.
Association for European Transport