Cross-national Comparisons of Integrating Mobility Management and Land Use Planning in the EU: Results of Planning Simulation Workshops for Actual Developments
T Rye, Napier University, UK; J Welsch, ILS Research Institute for Regional and Urban Development GmbH, DE; A Plevnik, Urban Planning Institute of Slovenia, SI; R de Tommasi, Synergo, CH
Experience from countries such as Switzerland and United Kingdom shows that MM can be integrated into the development of new sites as part of the process of granting planning or building permission, in order to reduce reliance on the private car.
Based on research findings concerning the current level of the integration of MM and LUP in 9 EU states and Switzerland covered in the work package (WP) D (presented at ECOMM 2008) a summary of the second main part of the research will be given. This consisted of planning simulation workshops in five of the ten countries (Germany, Lithuania, Poland, Slovenia and Spain), where a group of planning professionals from each state considered real development sites and how MM could be integrated with their development.
The simulation workshops were found to be a valuable new tool in the planning process in the five countries involved, and proved to be a useful forum in which to introduce the idea of integrating MM with the planning process, as well as to develop ideas about how it could work in practice in the member states concerned.
Ideas considered at the workshops ranged from the very simple ? such as involving public transport operators in the planning process ? through to the more complex, with reductions in parking spaces conditional on the implementation of MM measures at a site.
In particular, the results of the simulation workshops help to show, for the countries where simulation workshops took place:
? The state of planning legislation and policy insofar as it promotes, allows, or hinders the integration of MM with planning.
? The degree to which MM measures at the site level can be part of the outcome of the process of granting building permission to site developers.
? The degree to which such integration can be either negotiated or enforced, depending on the particularities of each member state?s planning system and laws.
Analysis of the results of the cross-national analysis and the simulation workshops are followed by recommendations for ways in which the further integration of MM and LUP can be promoted in the different member states.
The paper will show that there is scope for the integration of MM measures into the development of land use plans and/or the granting of building permission in the member states where simulations were carried out. However, the current low state of knowledge about MM ? especially in NMS ? means that much learning needs to take place before this integration can happen on a regular basis. In addition, changes to planning policy are needed to encourage local authorities to think about how to incorporate MM into the planning process. If this does not occur, then the integration of MM with LUP will depend on the presence of particular individuals with an interest in the topic in planning organisations, and its delivery will remain ad-hoc. The paper will also draw some conclusions about the usefulness of planning simulations as a tool.
Association for European Transport