Munich?s Central Corridor - the Mega-project As Crux of Integrated Metropolitan Planning
C Hale, University of Queensland, AU
Munich?s Central Corridor redevelopment project is now reaching its mature phases, with many of the individual ?transit oriented development? style precincts in this extensive eight kilometer east-west axis close to completion, or under construction.
Conceived in the early years of the current decade, the Central Corridor represents one of the largest integrated urban development and transport planning exercises anywhere in the world. Its blend of mass transit infrastructure, mixed used development, and the extensive delivery of urban design and public realm upgrades represents a leading-edge example in which many of the ?theories? of transit oriented development have actually been planned and delivered reasonably effectively.
On completion, the Corridor will house some 16,000 new residents and provide working space for around 19,000 jobs. Some 170 hectares of redeveloped ?brownfields? land situated in the middle and inner suburbs of Munich will be turned over into productive urban uses.
The paper traces the current status and outcomes of the project, taking a critical standpoint on the successes and challenges of this major urban renewal exercise. The research effort has involved 4 separate fieldwork excursions, extensive discussion with local planners and developers, and a thorough review of the metropolitan planning and policy frameworks that support the project. An analytical review of public transport planning, infrastructure, service and patronage/demand issues is delivered.
Findings from Munich?s approach to planning, infrastructure and major projects are broadened into recommendations for other cities. Major cities around the world are grappling with options for more integrated land use and transport. In Munich, this goal seems to be drawing closer, and the strategic approaches and design principles operating here are likely to find favour elsewhere.
Association for European Transport