Living in Car-reduced and Car-free Residential Areas a Promising Approach to Create Liveable Neighbourhoods and to Foster the Choice of Sustainable Means of Transport
D Bäumer, Research Institute for Regional and Urban Development gGmbH, DE
Home as ?hub? of mobility
Nearly 90 percent of all trips in Germany start or end at home and therefore home is one of the most important sources for traffic.
Accessibility of different modes of transport at the place of residence is one of the determining criteria for the (daily) choice of the means of transport. In the suburban area e.g. public transport is significantly more often chosen, if there is an easily accessible connection to a railway system. However, according to a German survey, the percentage, who choose public transport is comparatively low, even in areas having a good level of service.
Thus, to influence mobility behaviour and to promote the use of sustainable means of transport successfully, an advanced approach is necessary - considering the needs of pedestrians, cyclists and users of public transport on the one hand and reducing motorised transport on the other hand. Moreover good conditions for short trips have to be maintained as well as created. Proximity to local retail facilities and other utilities for daily needs is essential.
Car-Reduced and Car-Free Living
The idea of car-reduced or car-free residential areas follows this comprehensive perception. In order to enable their residents organise their everyday life by using the ideal/sustainable means of transport without being dependent to the own car, they should have access to a comprehensive range of transport choices as close as possible to the flat, while individual motorised transport is reduced to the minimum. Car-reduced or car-free residential areas are ideally located in a high-density urban structure. Talking about integrated land use and transport strategies, this concept is a perfect match.
Besides mobility aspects, the idea of car-reduced or car-free living opens up new urban design solutions and an unconventional treatment with public space ? for the benefit of residents.
ADD HOME ? Support for Liveable, Walking and Cycling Friendly Neighbourhoods
The EU-project ?ADD-HOME: Mobility Management for Housing Areas ? From Car-Dependency to Free Choice? aims to support the closer connection of housing and mobility as described above. The five participating countries, Bulgaria, Germany, Italy, Austria and Slovenia work on realising this aim using the following foci:
1. Analysis of the legal frame conditions and instruments, as well as of success stories from practical implementations regarding housing and mobility.
2. Starting demonstration projects to improve the accessibility of new housing areas and existing settlements, which aim to reduce mobility needs and to shift transport to more energy-efficient modes. The demonstrations include infrastructural and service measures.
3. Know-how transfer and qualification of stakeholders and multipliers in the field of housing and mobility.
The first project phase has now been finished. Its main point was the detection and negotiation of legal obstacles in the realisation of optimal conditions for an environmentally-friendly choice of transport at the place of residence ? including (legal) conditions for car-reduced and car-free living, as well as housing-related conditions for mobility infrastructure and accompanying mobility services. Moreover, proposals for improving the conditions have been elaborated. In addition, concrete practical examples using the potential to foster energy- efficient mobility in housing areas have been documented.
ADD HOME on the European Transport Conference - Contents
ADD HOME might enrich the conference by presenting mainly the following aspects:
? Mobility needs at the place of residence
? Examples of (successfully) realised car-free projects in Germany
Idea, barriers to implementation (main focus: parking), solutions and factors of success, data (e. g. modal split of residents, car-ownership)
? Requirements for the conception of car-reduced and car-free settlements
Urban structure, mobility infrastructure, legal regulations, participation
? Additional mobility services for residential areas fostering the use of sustainable
transport modes ? service ideas, characteristics, best-practice examples
? Options for sustainable transport and liveable neighbourhoods through the integration of mobility (management) aspects into urban planning affairs:
Consideration of mobility aspects in new developments at an early stage by the integration in urban contracts in Germany;
Learning from abroad: Residential Travel Plans and other informal instruments
Key benefits for the involved
Association for European Transport