Identifying Best Practice in Policy Packaging
F Kressler, ATE, AU, V Fencl, CDV, CZ
The successful design and implementation of a policy package is a great challenge. Although each potential policy package is faced with different starting conditions, some approaches in policy package design may lead to better results than others. In order to identify these, a methodology was set up that supports the systematic evaluation of different types of packages. Best practice in the context of policy package design is, on the one hand, related to the creation of policy packages, e.g. policy goals definition, involvement of relevant groups, consideration of overall policy goals which may go beyond those addressed the policy package (e.g. economic growth, welfare, and environment), consideration of unintended/adverse effects and measures to eliminate them or at least mitigate them as much as possible, efficient discussion process, broad consensus on the result, willingness to implement, and so forth. On the other hand, the analysis of best practice must also look at the results after implementation. This addresses questions such as did the policy package yield the anticipated results in the time foreseen, was it designed in such a way that it allowed adjustment to different possible developments, did it have any unwanted effects, did the implementation go according to plan and with the necessary acceptance, and so forth.
One prerequisite for the identification of best practice is the existence of measurable policy goals and measurable strategic policy goals (e.g. environmental policy, economic policy, etc). In the absence of such goals the identification of best practice is very difficult, if not impossible. A multi-layered approach has been created for the systematic description of the design of policy packages, the implementation and the outcome. Based on desk research and interviews, the selected policy packages have been analysed and factors identified that supported the creation of successful policy packages. The first findings of this analysis will be presented and discussed at the workshop.
Association for European Transport