Strategic Planning for Sustainable Land Use - Transport Alignment in South Africa: Now and Beyond
P Parida, Ingerop, SA
Current policy/legislation in South Africa promote strategies as ?Activity/Development Corridors? aligned along potential public transport routes.This paper describes the process of Development corridor planning,implications and way forward.
Land use and transport policies have been the two main streams of action to influence the spatial distribution of activities. Current policy and legislation relevant to the shaping the patterns of development in the provinces of South Africa promote a range of policy approaches and strategies which can be labeled as ?Activity Corridors? or ?Development Corridors? aligned along potential public transport priority routes. At its core, this agenda is underpinned by a fundamental commitment to overcome the legacy of socio-spatial fragmentation and dysfunctional development patterns inherited from the era of apartheid driven planning.
This paper describes the process of Development corridor planning, implications and the way forward. The policy documents have been interpreted to ascertain its implications for land use and transportation development on a provincial level. To ensure that national policy filters through to the formulation of the objectives and strategies that will guide transportation development, a coherent methodology was followed.
A set of thrusts and directives was drawn from these policy documents, which provided a platform for the evaluation of the transportation model in the Forward Plan. The directives formulated broadly focus on settlement development, rural development, economic growth and sustainable development. These directives provide a strategic framework to achieve sustainability and land use and transportation integration within a province. In addition, adherence to these directives ensures alignment and consistency between provinces and helps to promote an integrated development approach on a national level. This was followed by scenario evaluation. 3 scenarios were modelled (high, medium and low) based on specific population and economic activity outcomes. In other words, each scenario aimed to model a different outcome to assess what the land use and transportation relation would be in each case. For example, the low scenario modelled a population and economic outcome that preferred a rural development bias. In turn, the high scenario aimed at modelling a population and economic outcome that had an urban development bias. The directives and objectives defined above were used to evaluate each of the 3 scenarios of the transportation model. This exercise aimed to determine how each scenario addresses the directives and objectives identified and whether each scenario fulfils the various directives and objectives in a good, fair or poor manner. This evaluation is done from a spatial development point of view. Passenger and freight traffic modelling was also analyzed for three scenarios taking into account the directives set above. After finalization of the development corridors, indicator based optimization was done to maximize the level of goal achievement. Finally conclusions are drawn and further steps are mentioned.
Association for European Transport