Integrated Urban Planning and Multimodal Transport Masterplan for the Madrid City of Knowledge.
E Tan, J de la Pena, F Jimenez, F Tejada, P Lazo, P Fraile, R Ruiz, R Goyanes, Arup, ES
Integrated Urban Planning and Multimodal Transport Masterplan for the Madrid City of Knowledge, a campus in the outskirts of the Spanish capital dedicated to research, development and innovation.
The Region of Madrid has invested heavily in the areas of research, development and innovation in the push to stimulate the economy. Over the past few years, the Region has participated in the development of a series of local campuses dedicated to high-tech research and development and the latest of these initiatives, the City of Knowledge, will now form an integral part of this network of sites dedicated to innovation. If the project proceeds as planned and the campus completed by year 2030, the Madrid Network will comprise the City of Knowledge and 5 other sites including the Madrid Biopark, TecnoMóstoles, TecnoAlcalá, TecnoLeganés and TecnoGetafe. This grid of 6 sites are situated in all the cardinal directions relative to the capital city, hence effectively providing the Region with high-tech campuses that can fully draw from the valuable resources available in every part of the capital region and make the most of its connectivity to other national and international destinations.
Arup, as the lead consultant for the City of Knowledge, has been involved in all aspects of the development of the site, from the conceptual design of the site development to strategies for the management of water, waste and energy cycles and the transport network. The campus itself is attached to the existing southern urban boundary of Colmenar Viejo, a town with some 40.000 inhabitants at present day, west of Tres Cantos, a mainly commuter town with another 40.000 inhabitants and about 35 kilometers north of centre of the capital city. Given the campus? proximity to the two towns and to the capital itself, Arup has proposed that the City of Knowledge be developed as a self-sustaining hub of activity which will eventually include residential, educational and recreational facilities, in addition to the facilities dedicated to research, development and innovation. In short, this will make the City of Knowledge, Colmenar Viejo and Tres Cantos an urban agglomeration that will eventually provide homes, employment and recreational activities to some 150.000 skilled workers dedicated to pushing the boundaries of cutting-edge technology in high-tech industries.
The proposed site for the City of Knowledge is connected to the two towns and to the capital city primarily via a divided two-lane expressway which is the M-607, a highway that already experiences some of the highest traffic volumes in the entire region during the peak periods. There are a number of secondary highways that connect to other parts of the capital region but the primary surface transport route connecting all these urban centres is the M-607. The public transport network from the capital city to the area currently consists of the commuter rail line (Renfe Cercanías) and several interurban bus routes plying the route between the town, Tres Cantos and Madrid. Nevertheless, with the eventual development of a 1.700 hectare site housing over 50.000 employees and 50.000 residents (many of whom are expected to also work on campus), it is clear that the transport needs generated by the City of Knowledge as well as continuing growth in the area requires intervention in terms of viable solutions for interregional transport as well as for the internal transportation of those living and working on the campus.
With this in mind, Arup has developed a conceptual transport masterplan for the City of Knowledge with very specific goals in mind: (1) a multimodal interregional and internal transport system that minimizes the dependency on the use of the private automobile thereby reducing the pressure to build new highway infrastructure and parking facilities beyond that already planned; (2) consistency with proposed Transit-Oriented Development within the agglomeration of the City of Knowledge-Tres Cantos-Colmenar Viejo which minimizes long-distance travel by private automobile and promotes significant mode shift to more sustainable means of travel by commuter train, buses and non-motorized travel; (3) the advocacy of Travel Demand Management measures among the companies to be based in the City of Knowledge to spread peak hour travel demand and to increase private auto occupancy; and finally (4) the consideration of viable, energy-saving and environmental-friendly technology such as electric vehicles (including articulated buses, cars, and people movers) along with the necessary infrastructure to support the their use such as a smart (electric) grid, recharging outlets, etc.
This paper describes the constraints of the transport system, the challenges faced in meeting the demand for travel between the new urban agglomeration and Madrid and finally, the transport masterplan that ties in directly with the urban development strategy that conforms to the principles of sustainability and innovation.
Association for European Transport